Colours of The RCR at The RCR Museum, London, Ontario

Private "Archie" Pinel and
London's South Africa Memorial

By: Capt (ret'd) Michael M. O'Leary, CD, The RCR

While researching the story of Major Walter "Chester" Butler for The O'Leary Collection, I came across his name in a list that led to researching and writing this story. In 1912, Butler appeared in a list of contributors to a charitable collection for "Pte. Pinel." It was a name I had not seen before and, expecting him to be a soldier of the 7th Regiment, Fusiliers, in which Butler was a color-sergeant at the time, I dug a little deeper. Those searches brought out the story of "Archie" Pinel, his service in South Africa with The RCR, and his presence at the unveiling of London's South African War memorial where he was personally spoken to by the Duke of Connaught, the Duchess, and their daughter, Princess Patricia. Looking to round out the back story of the memorial led to a decade long tale of fund-raising, planning, and the height of drama in the Daughters of the Empire. This is the story of London's first monument, and one of London's South Africa soldiers.

Between 1899 and 1902 over 7,000 Canadians would serve in the South African War. Leading the Dominion's efforts in this Imperial venture was the First Contingent, consisting of the Second (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry (R.C.R.I.), yet to be renamed in 1901 to "The Royal Canadian Regiment".

While the R.C.R.I. was the nation's Permanent Force infantry regiment in 1899, the Second Battalion was formed as an expeditionary battalion for one year's service. In its ranks were 84 original members of the R.C.R.I., the remainder being recruited from over 120 units of the Canadian Militia from coast to coast with companies being recruited on a regional basis. "B" Company was raised in London, Ontario, with soldiers predominantly from the units of Military District No. 1. Over half of the company was formed by soldiers from London and area units, including 25 soldiers of the 26th Middlesex Light Infantry, 21 from the 7th Fusiliers, and six from the 1st Hussars.

Over 1000 strong at the outset, the battalion arrived in South Africa on 29 Nov 1899. In early February the unit joined the British 19th Brigade and with that formation fought their heaviest engagement at the battle of Paardeberg Drift, 18-27 Feb 1900. Culminating on what would become known as Paardeberg Day, the Royal Canadians lost 33 men to enemy action on the first and last days of the battle.

Returning in several batches, with sick or wounded invalids traveling separately, the last of the Second Battalion were back in Canada by December 1900 (less those who transferred to continue serving in South Africa with other Canadian or Imperial units). Their service overseas was completed before the war in South Africa had taken a ugly turn to combating the guerrilla warfare which had become the Boers' tactics of survival. The rousing patriotism which saw the formation and followed the actions of the Second Battalion was the underlying theme that promoted commemoration of their service and sacrifice in the decades after the South African War.

One of the London soldiers who served in South Africa with the R.C.R.I. was George Frederick "Archie" Pinel, a popular and well-known star of the local baseball scene. Catcher for the London "Pastimes", 24-year-old Pinel was also a soldier of the 7th Battalion, Fusiliers, the Militia infantry regiment in London. When he attested for South African service on 23 Oct 1899, Pinel was described as 5 feet 6 inches in height, weighing 133 pounds, with a 34-inch chest, good muscular development, good intelligence, sanguine temperament, fair hair, brown hair, and blue eyes. He was employed before the war as an asylum attendant.

While serving overseas, on 4 Sep 1900, Pinel was appointed to the rank of Lance Corporal. He returned from South Africa and was discharged on 5 Nov 1900. For his service in South Africa, Pinel was entitled to receive the Queen's South Africa medal with five clasps: Paardeberg, Dreifontein, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, and Cape Colony.

Pinel received his medal at Toronto on 11 Oct 1901 at a grand review of the Militia with 12,000 on parade. H.R.H. the Duke of Cornwall and York (the future King George V) was the reviewing officer in the full dress uniform of the Imperial 7th Fusiliers. Over 500 men received their South Africa medals during the occasion. The following day, the Duke was in London to present a stand of King's and Regimental Colours to the 7th Battalion, Fusiliers, at Victoria Park, the site of the original British Army garrison in the city.

In Victoria Park stands a memorial to the soldiers of the South African War (1899-1902). Dedicated in 1912, the monument has its own story spanning over a decade between conception and dedication. At the time of its unveiling, few would have realized that the intervening decade had brought the world within a few years of an even greater conflagration that would bring the Empire and Canada to arms once again.

The South Africa monument was not originally proposed to honour only the soldiers of the South African War. Her Majesty Queen Victoria died on 22 Jan 1901, ending a 64-year reign over the British Empire, the only sovereign most citizens had ever known. By the end of February and reported in the London Advertiser of 1 Mar 1901, the collection of public subscriptions to erect a memorial to the late Queen in London, England, were already being proposed. Following Britain's lead, the idea of memorials to Queen Victoria took hold throughout the Dominion. On 7 Mar 1901, London township council (a former township in Middlesex County) read and filed a communication from the city of St Thomas regarding "erecting a monument in memory of the late Queen Victoria in the city of St. Thomas."

A few months behind the earliest initiatives, a formal proposal for a memorial in London, Ont., is mentioned in The London Advertiser on 11 May 1901. It is also established by this appearance that a city monument would also commemorate the soldiers of the South African War:

"Civic Memorial Monument!
"Subscription List to be Opened Immediately

"City Treasurer Pope was authorized last night, at a special meeting of the manufacturers' and reception committee, to receive subscriptions to the fund for the monument to Queen Victoria and the London soldiers who fell in South Africa. Already there is $200 on hand, and an effort will be made immediately to complete the necessary sum. The council will not be able to give assistance this year, though aid may be expected of them next year."

Two years later, it is apparent that no real progress has been made toward having a monument to the late Queen in London, Ontario. On 7 Feb 1903, in a collection of brief items titled "One Minute Interviews" was this mention:

"Mrs. H. Bapty—The Daughters of the Empire are planning to keep up the interest in the soldiers' monument fund, and an endeavor will be made to secure the co-operation of the London Old Boys' Association, a number of former Londoners having signified their desire to help in this good object."

This easily overlooked pronouncement also signaled the leading role the Imperial Daughters of the Empire would take in maintaining public support and fund-raising for a monument. The origins of this relatively new women's organization is stated on their website as "founded in 1900 by Margaret Polson Murray of Montreal who recognized a need for loyal support for Canadians departing to fight with the Empire forces in South Africa."

On 14 Jun 1904, the Advertiser announced one of a series of band concerts in support of the monument fund. The concert notice illustrates the effective leveraging of connections by the members of the Daughters of the Empire to their fund-raising cause and reinforced that the identified purpose of the monument, at least in public appeals, had begun to shift from the late Queen to the fallen soldiers from the city:

"Concert for Monument.

"A band concert in aid of the Soldiers' monument fund under the auspices of the Daughters of the Empire will be given tonight in Victoria park, a collection being made at the gates. The Seventh Regiment, under the direction of bandmaster Hiscott, and by permission of Lieut.-Col. Little, will render the following programme:

March—"Jardin De Corps" –Hall
Overture—"Jilderoy" –Emile Berger
"Patrol of the Guardsman" –Losey
Selection—"The Army Chaplain" –Milolchey
Valse—"Wedding of the Winds" –Hall
Intermezzo—"Gondoliers" –Powell
Selection—"Our Soldiers" –Moore
Valse—"Liebenstranne" –Rasas
"God Save the King"

On the morning of 9 Jan 1905, Mayor (Doctor) Clarence Thomas Campbell was formally installed in his office at the inaugural meeting of the city council of 1905 to begin his single year in that chair. Included in Mayor Campbell's opening address were these remarks:

"The Soldiers' Monument

"There is another matter which I would like to draw to your attention, it is that of the monument which for four years it has been the aim of many Londoners to erect to the memory of the brave fellows from this city who died for their country in South Africa. This noble project has been allowed to lag, but it will now be pushed forward by the people who undertook it, and I would strongly commend it to you, and I hope you will give it such material assistance as your means will allow. It will be a fitting part of the programme of this year for you to honor those whose bones are now moldering on the African veldt."

On 4 Feb 1905, city council notes published in The Advertiser set the Daughters of the Empire clearly in the controlling position over the monument project when it was decided to hand money thus far collected over to the auspices of their appointed monument committee.

"City Will Hand Over the Money "Soldiers' Monument Funds To Be Paid to Daughters of the Empire.

"At a meeting of No. 1 committee of the city council held yesterday afternoon, a letter was received from Mrs. Frank Leonard, treasurer of the soldiers' monument fund of the Daughters of the Empire, asking that the money now in the hands of City Treasurer Pope, which was realized through a concert given in aid of the monument fund, be handed over to the monument committee. This request has been repeatedly before the aldermen, but for some reason or other it has always been refused.

"Yesterday Ald. Cooper moved that it again be filed.

"Mayor Campbell took a different view of the matter, however. He said the request was a just one, and it should not be treated with discourtesy. A monument committee, consisting of Mrs. Leonard, Col. Little, and Major Beattie had been named by the Daughters of the Empire, and they were authorized to take charge of all funds collected. The Daughters of the Empire were working actively in behalf of the project, and they were the proper people to control the funds.

"Ald. Carson said he was of the opinion that if the placing of the $200 now in Mr. Pope's office in the hands of the committee it would assist in the work of collecting funds, the money should be handed over at once, and he moved to this effect. The motion carried."

In reporting on the annual meeting of the local chapters of the Daughters of the Empire, the Advertiser edition of 14 Mar 1905 included the following mention of the monument project:

"Are United on Monument Idea
"No Other Form of Memorial Would Meet With D. of E. Approval.

"The Daughters of the Empire concluded the business of the annual meeting at an adjourned meeting in the Y. W. C. A. parlors yesterday afternoon. Mrs. Leonard, regent, was in the chair. Several designs for the proposed soldiers' monument were submitted, but no action followed. The form which the memorial is to take was discussed, and it was stated that the general impression is that the committee in charge of the funds which are being contributed was not yet agreed upon the matter, Several of those present, however, asserted that no other form of a memorial would do though of except that of a monument.

(The four city chapters were identified as: Trafalgar, Wellington, Rudyard Kipling, and Abigail Becker.)

The admission that designs had been seen but no decisions made was taken by one gentleman that the design selection was open to discussion. On 16 Mar 1905, The Advertiser shared:

"A Memorial Suggestion
"Londoner Thinks a Gateway Should Be Erected at Victoria Park.

"A gentleman who takes a deep interest in the project to erect a monument to the London soldiers who fell South Africa, today suggested to The Advertiser that the Daughters of the Empire, who have the laudable project in hand, should erect a handsome stone or cement entrance to Victoria Park as a memorial to the soldiers, instead of a regulation monument. The gentleman points out that these memorial entrances are very handsome, and are in great favor in many cities of the United States and Great Britain."

Five days after the I.O.D.E. meeting, on 18 Mar 1905, the monument project was back in the paper when the city council's No. 1 committee discussed budget appropriations to be set before council for approval.

"Ald. Cooper Was Very Generous
"Wanted Sum of $5,000 Placed in Estimates for a Soldiers' Monument.

"No. 1 committee of the city council yesterday afternoon discussed the appropriation to be made toward the soldiers' monument fund, for which the Daughters of the Empire are now taking up collections.

"A communication from the order was received, and when it had been read, Ald. Cooper moved that the sum of $5,000 for a soldiers' monument be placed in the estimates. He said that this sum was none too much, as a monument which would be a credit to the city would cost at least $25,000.

"Mayor Campbell did not think it was advisable to stipulate such a large sum. He was afraid it would not go through the council, and further, he said, that a very fair monument could be erected for about $8,000 or $10,000. He suggested that the council should contribute a sum equal to that which will be subscribed by the citizens.

"Ald. Cooper agreed to amend his motion as the mayor suggested. He said, however, that he was opposed to the policy of begging from the citizens for everything.

"Ald. Greenlees, however, objected to any very large amount being placed in the estimates, If the citizens want the monument they should be prepared to pay for it, he said. He thought $1,000 would be a generous appropriation. The matter was then left over until the tax rate is disposed of.

The monument project was into its fifth year as a discussion point and fund-raising initiative, but without a definitive design in mind. Another public opinion piece on its eventual design in appeared in the 22 Mar 1905 issue of the Advertiser which carried the following letter from a "Citizen":

"Favors Archway as a Memorial
"Citizen Says It Would Meet General Approval—To Grace Park Entrance.

"A "Citizen" writes as follows regarding the soldiers' monument proposal:

"The suggestion made by a citizen to The Advertiser on Thursday last, regarding the erection of a memorial to the men who served and fell in South Africa during the Boer war deserves more than a passing thought. The idea is that the erection of a memorial archway as an entrance to Victoria Park can be made to serve a better purpose than the erection of a plain monument in the park. It will answer well as a memorial and will be both useful and ornamental, and the cost of erection will be less, a very important point to be taken into consideration. It can be made of artificial stone and relieved by pillars of polished granite. As an appeal is now being made by the Daughters of the Empire to the citizens for contributions for the patriotic purpose of erecting a memorial of some kind, would it not be wise for them to weigh the matter well before deciding to have nothing but a monument?

"Many other suggestions have been given by prominent citizens regarding what should be done with the money, but in the opinion of the writer the suggestion of the archway supercedes them all. Then again if the matter is to be brought before the city council, as it doubtless will be at no distant date, after the citizens have subscribed as liberally as they can towards the object, methinks the idea of a handsome stone entrance to the perk would suit the majority around the board rather than a sculptured monument. It is my opinion that there would be more stimulus given to the project if all who are interested in the erection of a suitable memorial at a reasonable outlay would agree in rearing an imposing structure of this kind at the entrance of our favorite park.

"The citizens of London have not forgotten how they erected temporary arches us a welcome home on the returning of their sons from the rebellion in the Northwest campaign of 1885. So now let us honor the heroes who died for their country upon a foreign shore by erecting to their memory a permanent structure of a similar kind with tablets suitably inscribed. In the opinion of the writer the question should be brought fully before the public and when agreement has been reached and plans Properly prepared for inspection, that we heartily unite in our efforts and push on the work to completion."

The Advertiser continued the discussion on 28 Mar 1905 with an editorial piece which openly named the project as the Soldiers' Monument and also noted the fact that London was well behind other Canadian cities in erecting a memorial:

"The Soldiers' Monument

"The proposal to erect in London a monument to the memory of the men from this city and the county of Middlesex who died in the South African campaign is one that should commend itself to our people. War is an evil; but if justice is to prevail, wars must come, and will come, until humanity has reached a higher standard of morals, And when, at their country's call, to defend their country's honor, and to secure justice for their fellows, if not for themselves, men offer up their lives and die for their country's flag, the least that we who are left behind can do is to honor their memory. The soldier's death may not have benefited us directly; it may not have saved for us liberty; it may not have preserved our property; it may not have put money in our pockets. But the principle involved is that upon which we may have to depend some day for liberty, and property, and life. We may have had no direct personal interest in sending soldiers to South Africa. But the honor of Canada was concerned in aiding the Empire when struggling in a just cause. And if Canadians could not be found to risk their lives for the Empire, we might well doubt if any could be found to risk their lives for us when our own day of danger dawned.

"It is unfortunate that the movement started immediately after the South African campaign closed was allowed to lag. But it is not too late. The ladies connected with the Daughters of the Empire are now taking active Steps to augment the fund for the soldiers' monument; and are determined to complete the work. It only needs the active co-operation of the people of both city and county. That ought to be given, and given freely. It does not require much; and in a time when our people are prosperous, more than is required could easily be given.

"Other cities in Canada have already erected suitable memorials to their citizen soldiers; London should not be less mindful of her own."

On 2 Jun 1905, it was stated in the Advertiser that the monument fund received a small boost, the result of a garden party given by the Daughters of the Empire which netted "about $20." The paper also stated that "the work of building up the fund for the monument is steadily going on, and it is now assured that London's honored dead will be fittingly remembered by the erection of a permanent tribute to their memory."

After a few quite years on the monument front, in April, 1908, the Daughters of the Empire held their annual meeting and new officers were elected and installed. The monument project was mentioned in the Advertiser's report on the meeting, published 4 Apr 1908: "The erection of a soldiers' monument in Victoria Park has been a long-cherished hope, which is now about to be realized, and the ladies will have the satisfaction of being able to present to the city of London a memorial to her brave sons, who gave their lives in the service of their country."

Less than a week later, on 10 Apr 1908, the paper announced that the D. of E. were moving forward on the project:

"D. of E. Will Choose a Monument Design

"A regular meeting of the Daughters of the Empire will be held tomorrow afternoon at 2:30 in the Y.M.C.A. building, when a design for the soldiers' monument, which is to be erected in Victoria Park, will be chosen.

"Some excellent designs have been submitted, and there is no doubt that a monument that will be a credit to the city of London, and a worthy memorial of those who gave up their lives for the old flag, will be erected by the Daughters of the Empire.

"It has been a long and a tedious struggle, but the ladies have at last reached their goal, and work on the monument will be begun shortly."

The readiness of the local ladies of the I.O.D.E. to choose a design for the monument no doubt sparked renewed public interest. The Advertiser, in its edition of 11 Apr 1908, responded with a detailed summary of the project to date, emphasizing the I.O.D.E.'s work towards its success:

"History of the Soldiers' Monument—Fund Now Amounts to $9,648.04
"A Sum Sufficient To Make Up $10,000 Must Be Raised

"Though some time has elapsed since the publishing of the financial statement of the "Trip Around the World," the regent, Mrs. Leonard, and all the members of the Imperial order of the Daughters of the Empire have not omitted their pledge to the public concerning the erection of the monument in Victoria Park.

"For some months the executive have been working up the matter, and it is hoped that one of the many sketches received will be selected today.

"Considerable delay has been experienced in procuring sketches, and even yet the committee are waiting for drawings from Messrs. Hamilton MacCaulley, G.W. Hill, and G. Osborne.

"It might be interesting for the benefit of those citizens who have most generously subscribed to the fund and to all who assisted in making the "Trip Around the World" [a bazaar in which each I.O.D.E. chapter operated a themed booth based on a foreign nation] such a success in every way, and More particularity financially, to have a short history of the work from its inception.

"Though the monument fund has seemingly been before the public for a long time, yet the decision to build a monument was only reached in October, 1902.

"Patriotic Concert.

"A patriotic concert for the soldiers monument was given on Feb 18, 1901, but not under the auspices of the order. The London branch was created in November, 1901, with a municipal chapter only. Later primary chapters were added, namely Trafalgar, Lord Roberts, Rudyard Kipling, Wellington, Abigall Becker and "Dick" Whittington, the latter dropping out in 1904.

"Early in 1903 an entertainment was given for the benefit of the monument fund in the Grand Opera House entitled "Carnival of Romance." which netted the order $434.13. The ladies taking part felt that were to be inadequate, considering the amount of work they were called upon to perform. They deeply regretted handing to the promoters $848.85. The expenses amounted to $693.79, making a total of gross receipts $1976.77.

"New Regent.

"In March, 1904, the regent, Mrs. Col. Young, resigned, and a new executive was elected, with Mrs. F.E. Leonard as regent.

"In June, 1904, the ex-treasurer, Mrs. Marley Brown, transferred the Bank of Commerce account to Mrs. Leonard, as follows:

Lord Roberts Chapter –$240
Wellington –$140.

"Owing to the absence of Mrs. Leonard and various unavoidable causes, very little active work was engaged in during the remainder of that year.

"Paardeberg Day.

"The celebration of Paardeberg Day in February, 1905, was most enthusiastically patronized by the members and friends. The London branch determined to endeavor to take up the work and assist in the development of national sentiment, and chiefly were the new executive anxious to complete the monument fund.

"At the monthly meetings earnest discussions as to ways and means of augmenting that fund were considered.

"At a subsequent meeting, Lieut.-Col. Little, Major Beattie and Mrs. Leonard were appointed trustees of the fund, with Mrs. Leonard as treasurer.

"At that meeting it was resolved that the order canvass the city seeking subscribers, not only from the public-minded citizens, but from all interested in the public monument.

"The press, always courteous and willing to assist, published lists of those called upon from time to time.

"Unfortunately, very few of the members felt equal to collecting, consequently that method did not meet with the success anticipated.

"Dr. Drummond.

"Through the kind co-operation and energy of the Baconian Club, the late Dr. Drummond was brought to the city, and gave his second inimitable lecture in the Opera House, which was crowded to its utmost capacity.

"The handsome sum of $464.75 was handed the monument treasurer. In the meantime additional sums kept coming into the treasurer from the primary chapters:

"Proceeds of patriotic concert, $231.59, and thus the fund kept quietly but gradually increasing; but not enough to meet the ardent desires of the order, notwithstanding. Many felt they had worked strenuously for a successful issue; indeed, the regent and members ofttimes in their earnest endeavor to proclaim the value and significance of the monument as an educator, if for no other purpose, were well nigh discouraged and grew weary stemming a tide of opposition hard to combat. Defeat could not be admitted nor turning back permitted in a good cause, so they persevered against odds with an indomitable energy deepening the interest primarily.

"At the Paardeberg tea held in Y.M.C.A.'s rooms, February, 1906, the London Municipal and Primary Chapters had the pleasure of greeting the esteemed regent, Mrs. Nerdheimer of the National Chapter, Toronto.

"Mrs. Nordheimer gave an inspiring address on the aims and objects of the order.

"New Chapters.

"Princess Patricia Chapter was formed, followed later by Lord Elgin, Lord Tennyson, and Shakespeare, and they constitute strong and active additions to the order.

"The Daughters of the Empire feel that if the truly loyal spirit is to increase the best way to help foster it is by teaching the children.

"Prizes were offered for the best patriotic essays in several of the schools, as well as an up-to-date rifle to the cadet making the best score in a given competition. For three years rifles have been presented as also prizes in money to the cadet making the next best score.

"Empire Day.

"On Empire Day, 1907, some forty prizes were presented in all the city schools, public and separate, besides two in the Collegiate, as well as two in the county, one in East and one in West Middlesex.

"The books presented were, "Wrong's History of the British Empire," and the late Dr. Drummond's "Habitant."

"To additionally stimulate and increase esprit de corps as well as promote physical development in the lads of the city, the order presented a bugle band to the Collegiate Institute.

"The equipment is up-to-date, and consists of five bugles and four drums carefully selected by Bandmaster Slatter, costing upwards of $100.

"The order earnestly asks the interest of leading educationalists in this work. It ought to appeal to parents and teachers.

"It is hoped the board of education will assist in increasing the strength and efficiency of this cadet corps.

"The London Collegiate Institute is one of the largest in the Dominion. Should not the cadet corps be correspondingly efficient and strong? Many other items of interest might be cited as worthy ones, by the order, but a few of the salient points on this occasion will suffice.

"The Monument.

"The Daughters of the Empire have now the satisfaction of stating that ere long the order for a monument will be placed. They have fully redeemed their pledge to raise not less than $7,000, though they aimed at $10,000, and still intend reaching that amount. They earnestly ask all public minded citizens who have not as yet subscribed to come forward and augment the sum.

"The Daughters of the Empire feel that example is better than precept, and that monuments in memory of heroes and patriots teaches splendid of our glorious history. The regent, Mrs. Leonard, whilst in full sympathy with all work beneficial to community, and none more essential than that of aiding in stamping out and alleviating tuberculosis, would rather that the order wait until the monument be completed before engaging in any other work.

"Mrs. Leonard's absence for five months has, of necessity, somewhat delayed the decision of monument, which she regrets, but wishes to assure the public that though severely criticised when absent in November last, is fully prepared to substantiate all methods applied and to render strict account of all funds committed to her charge since appointment as regent of the order, and treasurer of the monument fund.

"The Government of Ontario has placed in its supplementary estimates the sum of $500 toward the South African Monument Fund. The order greatly appreciates this valuable addition to the fund.

"The Fund to Date.

"Following is summary of the fund to date:

"Total amount in Bank of Commerce –$2,409.75
Total amount in Rank of British North America –$5,473.39
Private individual subscriptions unpaid –$1,265
Grant Ontario Government –$500
Total –$9,648.04

"From the above statement it will be noticed a deficit of $351.96 to make up the $10,000 required. Surely there are many citizens who will come forward and subscribe so that the entire sum may shortly be available.

"The treasurer, Mrs. Leonard, 602 Queen's avenue, will be grateful to the subscribers, if at the earliest convenience they will kingly remit amounts subscribed.

"The executive committee of the order realize that some unexpected expense will be incurred before the order for the monument can be placed. It will be necessary to have a small plaster cast when the sketch is accepted, and hope all interested will participate in completing this work."

The choice of a monument design remained outstanding. On 13 Apr 1908, the Advertiser published an article describing where the Daughters of the Empire stood on that matter:

"Different Designs Will Be Voted On
"D. of E. Consider Soldiers' Monument
"No Selection Made, as Each Member Will Be Given Chance To Express a Choice.

"Twenty designs of monuments, suitable for the Paardeburg (sic) memorial were examined by the executive of the Imperial Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire, at its meeting held on Saturday afternoon. They were from many of the best-known sculptors and artists of Canada, and the majority were very handsome.

"No selection was made, but the matter will be left to a vote of the members of the chapter.

"Each member will examine the designs, and then vote on her choice. The result of the voting will be made known, and then the final choice will be left to a committee of well-known citizens, who will examine the plans, and arrange the details.

"The voting will take some time, but it was thought by the executive that it will be most satisfactory.

"Several other artists will submit designs and the voting will not take pace until these designs are received."

Despite having printed that the voting would take some time, the very next day, 14 Nov 1908, the Advertiser announced that the I.O.D.E. had selected a design for the monument. The winning sculptor, Quebec-born George William Hill, had already been making a name for himself with monuments and memorials. Hill's design featured a standing figure of a Canadian South African infantryman.

"D. of E. Decided on Design for Soldiers' Monument
"Imposing Tribute to the Heroes Who Fought in South Africa Will Be Erected in Victoria Park at a Cost of $10,000.

"At the regular monthly meeting of the Daughters of the Empire held in the public library building, Mrs. F.E. Leonard presiding, it was moved and carried that Mr. Hill's design, with figure of soldier on top, and commensurate medallion of late Queen Victoria, for the memorial monument to the London soldiers who fell in South Africa, be accepted.

"Instructions have already been given Mr. Hill, and he is working vigorously on the model, which is shortly expected. If the model delineates the beauties revealed in the photographs, the committee will speedily have the contract drawn up and signed. A special committee consisting of the officers of the municipal executive, together with the monument fund trustees, Col. Little, Major Beattie and Mayor Stevely, have been appointed to take charge of the work and look after all details.

"Every confidence is expressed in Mr. Hill's work being brought to a most successful issue; his reputation is so well established that beyond doubt an artistic production will be forthcoming.

"George Hill was born in 1862 at Bilton, Quebec, the son of a marble dealer at Richmond, from whom he learned the trade, becoming a skilled workman. He saw more than columns and pillars in the marble blocks on which he daily chiseled. His love of art, together with ambitious promptings, led him to Paris, where he studied from 1889 until 1894. When he returned to Canada, opening a studio at Montreal, where he began his life's work. His efforts were chiefly confined to architectural sculpture, although his talents lay in another direction.

"In December, 1903, the Strathcona monument committee invited sculptors from all over the world to compete for the South African memorial. Young Hill, with over 50 other sculptors from England, France, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland and the United States, took part.

"When the clay models were submitted the committee unanimously awarded the verdict to Hill. Mr. Hill left immediately for Paris where he labored faithfully for three years in his atelier in the "Quartier Latin," perfecting his masterpiece, which is pronounced a magnificent specimen of the sculptor's genius.

"Mr. Hill's aim, in designing the sketch for the proposed later Queen's and soldier's monument for London, has been to commemorate the self-sacrificing loyalty of the Canadian soldiers in the South Africa war and the late Queen Victoria, with the sentiment of peace, of which she always had been a strong advocate.

"A heroic bronze statue ten feet high, of a soldier of the Royal Canadian Infantry, surmounts a granite pedestal. He is represented in battle springing forward down an embankment, and pointing to the location of the enemy. His head is turned to one side as he shouts to his companions to follow, whilst with his right hand he grasps his trusty rifle. The soldier is symbolic of service.

"Great prominence is given the Queen's medallion by the figure of fame, whose arms partly encircle it, and placing the hero's crown of laurel leaves and the palm of victory upon the pedestal with the left hand. The motto, "For Sovereign and Country," inscribed upon the frieze, is the keynote of Canada's loyalty.

"Upon the base of the pedestal is the Queen's sceptre, with the olive branch of peace entwined. The soldier is spirited in action, conveying the idea of great strength and power. In addition, upon the back of the plinth, will be the Paardeberg panel in honor of the work done by Canadians, which shows the characteristic mode of warfare in vogue among our soldiers.

"The monument will stand 25 feet high, and will cost $10,000. The site has already been located in Victoria Park by the mayor and his council.

"The treasurer of the monument fund, Mrs. F. E. Leonard, 602 Queen's avenue, will greatly appreciate the remittances pledged by the subscribers to the fund at an early date."

It soon became apparent that the choice was not unanimous among the ladies of the I.O.D.E. and that there was dissension over the chosen design. This difference of opinion would grow to create a rift between the chapters of the I.O.D.E. and place the London representatives in contention with the national arm of the organization. The key point of disagreement turned out to be the relative representations of the late Queen Victoria and her soldiers on the monument, reflecting back on the original proposal for a memorial. On 5 Dec 1908, The Advertiser brought its readers up to date on the strife underlying the monument project.:

"Statement About the Monument
"Some History Bearing Upon the Beginning of Movement Years Ago.

"The following statement has been made to The Advertiser in regard to the differences which have arisen respecting the design for the soldiers' monument to be erected in Victoria Park. The division of opinion is due to the fact that some of the members of the local chapters of the Daughters of the Empire object to the design decided upon, because it is one with a soldier's figure on the top, and medallions of the late Queen on the squares, They prefer a statue of the Queen to crown the monument, with medallions of soldiers on the sides.

"The statement is as follows:

"At the regular January meeting of the Daughters of the Empire it was decided to ask for tenders for a monument to be erected to the Queen and soldiers, and it was further decided by vote that the figure on the monument should be that of a soldier, with a bronze medallion of the Queen at the front of the pedestal. A copy of the resolution was then sent to the national executive in Toronto, and no exception was taken to it at the time. It was not till April, after the design for the monument had been received from all the sculptors, according to the specifications sent them, that word was received from the national council saying that the design was not favored by that body, on the ground that it placed the Queen in a secondary position, and hence was not a loyal representation. The ladies of the London chapters, on the other hand, claim that in the design chosen the medallion of the Queen has the place of honor, The sculptor's interpretation of his work bears out this view. The soldier is a symbolical figure, typifying service, while the Queen is personal, and by the inherent dignity of her office, could not be secondary. The example of Augustus Rodins' great memorial statue to Whistler, where there is a life-sized figure of Fame, and in the forepart of the pedestal a medallion of Whistler. In this case, the medallion was evidently considered the place of honor, and the work was adjudged perfect by most of the great artists of two continents.

"It is an accepted fact that permission was asked and received from the national executive for the erection of the monument; also the specifications were sent to that body at the same time, and it is contended that the monument is being erected according to the plan agreed upon.

"Matters reached a climax in June when the president of the national executive came unexpectedly to an executive meeting of the local chapter, and after considerable discussion overthrew the ruling of the local regent, and stated that she distinctly forbade a monument not in accordance with her wishes being erected. The members who had by their own exertion raised all the funds, considered this action very arbitrary; as the money was all collected here, they considered that the London people should have some voice concerning the manner in which it should be expended. The local regent immediately handed in her resignation. This was greatly regretted, and a largely-signed petition from all the chapters, save the Lord Roberts Chapter, was sent to Mrs. Leonard, asking her to reconsider her decision. Mrs. Leonard agreed to resume her office, if the motion of the January meeting, regarding the design of the monument was sustained, as it was considered that after all the designs had been received, this was the most honorable thing to do. The matter was brought up at a meeting specially called for the purpose, and the motion sustained, and it seems strange that in the face of the petition and deciding vote, that the agitation is still going on.

"At the last regular meeting of the executive held in November, at which Mrs. Leonard presided, a vote was made that the sculptor be instructed to go on with his work according to the original design submitted. This motion was carried by the large majority of 22 to 7, yet still the agitation goes on, despite the fact that the wishes of the London Chapter have been very evidently stated by the above majority.

"The national executive at last took the drastic measure of writing to the sculptor, telling him that if he went on with the work it would be at his own expense. This action was considered very high-handed, and a direct infringement of the rights of the London Chapter, who have borne all the labor connected with making the monument a possibility.

"Some years ago, a difficulty which caused a similar disruption arose in the society, and at that time a committee of trustees was organized, so that the completion of the work might not be hampered by the difficulties. This committee was composed of Col. Little, Major Beattie, and Mrs. F.E. Leonard, and it is not unlikely that this committee will be again brought into requisition.

"Despite the difficulty, the work is rapidly nearing completion and the citizens may be assured of a very artistic and beautiful monument."

Dissension in the ranks of the Daughters of the Empire over elements of the monument design continued into 1909. The Advertiser printed the following update on 4 Mar 1909:

"Monument to Queen and the Soldiers
"This Is the Way to Speak of It, So as to Avoid Trouble.

"The Daughters of the Empire it seems are not the only ones who are having trouble with their monument, a similar case having arisen in Toronto over the South African memorial there. To disabuse the minds of some who seem to be at fault in their understanding of the matter the ladies of the order wish it distinctly understood that the habit of speaking of the monument as the soldiers' monument did not arise with them. In their discussions it is always spoken of as the Queen and soldiers' monument, They contend that the inherent greatness of the Queen abrogates the possibility of demeaning her memory, The ladies do not pose as art critics, but when the designs of so many representative sculptors bore out their view, they feel justified in upholding it. All they ask is the right to their opinion.

"The Lord Roberts Chapter was the first to inaugurate the scheme, and they are the ones who are now upholding Mrs. Nordheimer in her action, At its inception this chapter raised $200, and another chapter $100, but when the scheme was generally adopted these two chapters refused to hand over the moneys to the central executive, which caused a deadlock for some time. Mrs. Nordheimer came to the city and ordered them to pay over the money. Finally to obviate the difficulty and to prevent its recurrence, a citizens' committee was formed, which has since had charge of the monument funds, and in that sphere the committee is supreme though the design of the monument still rests with the members of the order."

The chosen monument design was revealed to the public on 6 Mar 1909 when The London Advertiser printed a photo of the model of the proposed memorial on its front page. Information in the photo caption also revealed just how serious the rift in the D. of E. had become. The caption under the photo read:

"The Now Famous Monument.

"The above is a reproduction of the Queen and Soldiers' Monument, over which there has been so much discussion and which has culminated in the expulsion by the national executive of the Local Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire from membership in the order, Above is the figure of a soldier typifying service, and below, between the uplifted arms of the figure of Peace, is seen the medallion of the Queen. The national chapter holds that this medallion has an inferior position, the local chapter, that it has the place of honor. And it is over this question that the trouble arisen."

Even in London, there was no voice of solidarity within the I.O.D.E. chapters, and the separate primary chapters in London were ready to offer their differing opinions. An expression of their frustration over the process to date was published in the Advertiser on 8 Mar 1909:

"Chapters are Not a Unit

"Statement by 3 Chapters, Daughters of the Empire.
"They Uphold The National Executive.
"Version of the Facts of the Case as Presented by Lord Roberts, Trafalgar and Lord Elgin Chapters.

"A statement has been handed in for publication on behalf of three of the eight local chapters of the Daughters of the Empire, It should be explained that the Municipal Chapter, referred to below, which has been dissolved by the National Chapter, was the local executive, containing representatives of the eight subordinate chapters in London.

"The Statement.

"The statement is as follows:

"In view of the misstatements made as to the dispute that has arisen among the Daughters of the Empire over the monument to the Queen and the soldiers, it is thought advisable that the principal facts should be laid before the public who have contributed to the fund.

"The proposition to erect this monument originated in the Lord Roberts Chapter, was taken up by the Municipal Chapter of London, and permission to go on with the work obtained from the National Chapter. Under the rules of the order this permission was necessary; and it is the duty of the National Chapter to see that any work a subordinate chapter is permitted to undertake shall be carried on in good faith, and in harmony with the purpose authorized.

"The Citizens' Committee.

"It is said that, subsequently, a citizens' committee was joined with the Municipal Chapter of London in this work. This was never authorized by the National Chapter; nor do we know what citizens authorized the committee. And all that the Municipal Chapter seems to have had to do with the matter was to approve of a proposition to invest all moneys collected in the hands of three trustees—Col. Little, Major Beattie, and the regent of the Municipal Chapter—though, as far as these two gentlemen are concerned, we believe, that if they ever accepted the Position, they have taken no active part in the trust.

"A Protest.

"The members of the order proceeded to collect money; and the city council made several grants, following the line of its first resolution on the subject, passed May 20, 1901, recommending the erection of a "combined monument" to the Queen and the South African Canadian soldiers. At the beginning of last year—sufficient money being on hand—at a meeting of the Municipal Chapter, it was resolved that the design to be selected should consist of a soldier on the top of the monument, with a picture of the Queen's face medallion on one side of the pedestal. Against this the members of Lord Roberts Chapter—the original promoters—the Trafalgar Chapter, and other members of the order, as soon as they were aware of the choice made, vigorously protested. They have continued this protest ever since—holding that such a design relegated the Queen to an inferior position, and was not in accord with the purpose for which the fund was started. They held that both subjects on this combined monument would only be given their proper position by the selection of a design which should make the Queen the principal figure on the monument, with life-sized figures of soldiers supporting her; or something of that character.

"National Executive Disapproves Design.

"The executive of the National Chapter were notified of the protest, and agreed with it, holding that the design selected would not be carrying out the object for which permission had been granted. Correspondence took place between the national president and the regent of the Municipal Chapter, much of which has never been laid before the latter body, The reasonable remonstrance of the national president was met with defiance; the regent of the Municipal Chapter refused to give any consideration (and, it is said, but little courtesy) to her superior officer. And the result was that, in defence of its own authority, and to carry out as far as it could what it believed to be the object of the original scheme, the national executive was forced to take extreme measures, and withdraw the charter of the Municipal Chapter.

"It must be understood that this is not the action of the Daughters of the Empire of Toronto, who have nothing to do with the matter; but it is done. by an executive composed of ladies from Ottawa, St. John, Vancouver, Nassau, Hamilton, Kingston, and other. cities, representing some 8,000 members of the order. The fact that the national president and secretary live in Toronto seems to have been utilized to make it appear that this dispute arose out of Toronto's interference, which is misleading. It should be further understood that it is only the Municipal Chapter of London whose charter has been withdrawn. The primary chapters of London are still working under the charters granted them by the National Chapter. Of course, should any of these ally themselves with the Municipal Chapter in its insubordination, they will doubtless receive the same punishment.

"The Recent Meeting.

"The meeting held a few days ago, which, as reported in the press, assumed to speak for the Daughters of the Empire, was a meeting of persons who had no right to use the name of the order for any purpose; it was called by suspended members of the order; even if they had been members in good standing the meeting was contrary to the constitution of the order; and it added to its irregularity by placing in office several ladies who are loyal to the order, and whose names were used without their consent.

"To the assertion that the members of the order in London are united in support of the late Municipal Chapter, it should be sufficient to say that already three of the primary chapters in London have passed resolutions recognizing the authority of the National Chapter. And the regents of these three chapters undermentioned, representing the loyal members of the order in London, have no hesitation in assuming responsibility for the statements here published.


"London, March 8, 1968.

With the local structure of the I.O.D.E. undermined by this conflict and the removal of the charter of the coordinating Municipal Chapter, it opened the situation to the question as to what responsibility and authority was left to the ladies of the I.O.D.E. who had been guiding the monument project. In its intent, the monument remained a project of the city and people of London, one which was losing the guiding hand on its tiller.

On 9 Mar 1909, the Advertiser brought its readers up-to-date:

"Monument for the Soldiers

"$1,000 Grant Was Made by City Council.
"What City Hall Records Show
"No Mention of the Queen Was Made in the Big Grant Matter.

"The question of the Queen and soldiers' monument is becoming more acute every day. The publication of the ultimatum of three of the local chapters has brought the fight definitely into London territory, and a good deal of asperity has crept into the discussion.

"The chapters who are behind the present design of the monument remain firm in their standpoint that they are not going against the permission granted by the national chapter, but that the basis on which the permission was given has been strictly adhered to, and the whole discussion that has led to such drastic steps being taken by the national chapter, has arisen over nothing but a difference of opinion.

"The national chapter holds that a monument to the Queen and soldiers must bear the Queen's figure on top. The majority of the London chapters hold that this is not necessary.

"What About This?

"There is another phase to the question, which has to do with those citizens who have helped to pay for the monument.

"In the city council minutes of May 20, 1901, the following motion is entered and accepted.

"Your committee recommends that a combined monument to the memory of the soldiers, former residents of this city, who died in defending their country's honor, and to our late sovereign, Queen Victoria, be erected in Victoria Park, and that it be announced through the newspapers that contributions will be received at the city treasurer's office towards the erection of a first-class memorial."

Then, again, in the records of 1905, ex-Mayor Campbell year, appears the following item in the estimate of the city of London:

"Soldiers' Monument, $1,000."

"Other grants were made, it is understood, in the same way.

"From this, it is claimed that, with no thought of disloyalty to the Queen, the soldier was intended to be the leading figure on the monument, and when, after the Daughters of the Empire took the matter up, and the city's project was abandoned, the moneys already collected, amounting in all to $210.43, were handed over to the treasurer of the duly appointed citizens' committee, on Feb. 6, 1905, without any change in the intention that the monument was to be a soldiers' monument.

"To Honor London Soldiers.

"Those who have contributed to the monument fund," said a Daughter of the Empire today, "have done so on the understanding that it was to commemorate the noble sacrifice made by some of London's citizens for the safety of the empire. As was only just and loyal, the Queen's name was added to this, that she might be recognized as her high office and great worth warranted, But it is certain that without the sacrifice of London's sons, that roused the public spirit of patriotism, there would have been no monument, and it is to them that the monument is to be raised. And to accept the contentions of the national chapter as to the design of the monument would be in a greater or less degree to play false with the citizens of London.

"Praise for Mrs. Leonard.

"In all quarters of the city, and among various classes of people, there is heard nothing but the highest praise for the untiring zeal of Mrs. Leonard, to whom, more than anyone else, the success of the monument scheme is due," added The Advertiser's informant. "Regarding the contention that the citizens' committee was irregularly appointed, no irregularity can be found. They were aware of their appointment, and have aided materially in the work, and are reported to be decidedly in favor of the action of the London ladies. Allied to this, most of the officers and several of the members of the Elgin Chapter, one of the dissenting bodies, are in favor of the present scheme. The present regent, indeed, of this chapter was the seconder of the motion to have a soldier as the leading figure on the monument. So that the attitude of the chapter is causing considerable surprise among those most nearly interested."

The National Chapter of the I.O.D.E., having taken one side of the conflict, and that set against the plan under execution, was as much committed to their principles as any in the matter of the monument's design and the messages they felt it implied. The Advertiser, on 11 Mar 1909, described the tension as all parties waited to see what action would next be taken:

"Will Chapter Be Dissolved
"Probable Result of Action of the National Council—-No Legal Move Re Monument.

"Despite a good deal of talk to the contrary, the ladies who are favoring the accepted design of the soldiers' monument, have seen no reason to delay work upon it, on account of the belligerent attitude of the National Chapter. The contract has been let, the sculptor is working on the monument, and no action whatever has been taken to stay the work. And in less than a year's time, the time originally given for completion, the beautiful memorial will be placed in Victoria Park.

"A good deal of talk has arisen over the possibility of the National Chapter being able to garnishee the funds collected for the work. These are at present under the control of the citizens' committee, composed of Mrs. Leonard, Col. J. W. Little, Major Beattie, and their place of deposit is unknown, The possibility of the National Chapter being able to use coercive measures by obtaining the funds is so very remote that it is hardly worth the discussing, but if such a circumstance should arise, there are many individual contributors who would fight the matter and have their subscriptions cancelled on the ground of misrepresentation. A large number of the citizens subscribed for a distinctly soldiers' monument, and would not have assisted under any other circumstances. They are perfectly satisfied with the design as presented, because it, according to their views at least, is a monument to London's citizens who fell at the front, and at the same time commemorates the Queen for whose empire they fought. To erect a Queen's monument, however, as the National Chapter suggests, and make the soldiers' memorial a mere detail, would find but small favor in London, and less than ever now because of the dictatorial tone assumed by the National Chapter, in attempting to force their opinion upon the public of London.

"No matter what name the memorial goes by beyond a question the moneys were contributed for a distinctly soldiers' statue, and such London will have, despite the national chapter.

"Up to the present time no move has been made by the national chapter, and no rumor of any possible legal action has been received by the officers of the society.

"Some of the local members of the association who are standing by the action of the national chapter, speak very strongly on the matter, and consider that such an attitude as many of the chapters in London have taken will be destructive to the efficiency of the administration of the order, and they do not hesitate to say that right or wrong the decision of the national chapter ought to be bowed to. The rebellious members, however, do not consider the matter In the same light. They do not see any great advantage which they derive from the work of the national organization. They pay for its maintenance, but they derive practically no benefit from it, and almost the only occasion on which the national chapter has made itself felt, is the present, when they have taken this decidedly autocratic action. [missing line(s) of text in original] …disturbance will mean the practical dissolution of the order in London."

Londoners, on the other hand, appeared to be decidedly in favour of the work done by the ladies of the municipal chapter in getting the monument project to its current state. Openly in support, as stated by their president, Dr. A.V. Becher, was the South African Veterans' Association. The son of a past mayor of London, Dr. Becher would return to uniformed service as the medical officer of the C.E.F.'s 33rd Battalion and succumb to influenza before leaving Canada for his own second wartime deployment. His brother, H.C. Becher was an officer of the 7th Fusiliers and would command that unit before going overseas in the First World War. Mrs. Becher, the good doctor's mother, was decidedly one of the local society matriarchs, and the family home a host to some of the city's most distinguished visitors.

The Advertiser shared the Veterans' Association's views on the monument situation in its edition of 15 Mar 1909:

"Veterans With Local Chapter
"President of Association Says Members Are a Unit For "Soldiers Monument."

"The South African Veterans' Association of Military District No. 1 are most heartily in accord with London Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire," said Dr. A.V. Becher, president of the association, to The Advertiser this afternoon. "We feel that the London ladies are most decidedly in the right in the stand they take that the figure of the Canadian soldier should be placed on top of the monument. The memory of Queen Victoria will never die, while there is every danger of the memory of those who fought and died for her in South Africa being forgotten. When the Queen reviewed our regiment on its return from South Africa, she took the greatest pleasure and pride in her Canadian soldiers, and the veterans are unanimous in the opinion that it is a greater tribute, and one which she would like most herself, that a figure of one of her soldiers should be erected to perpetuate her name, I am in receipt of a very large number of letters from veterans throughout the district, who say they hope the ladies of London, who have selected the present design, will keep it, as nothing could be more suitable.

"Technical Quibbles.

"Leaving aside the question of whether there was written in the secretary's minutes 'soldiers' monument' or 'Queen's monument," or any other technical quibble, the broad question is whether those people who contributed towards the fund are not after all the ones to be considered, as to which style of monument they desire erected. I may truthfully say that I have not heard one single citizen declare for anything, but the monument design which has been selected. Many think it is a matter of the greatest impertinence that Hamilton should attempt to dictate to London about her own affairs. We hope that Londoners will stand firm in this matter. There is absolutely no doubt that the subscriptions were given with the idea that the monument should be a soldiers' monument. Our association is anxious to help and collaborate with the regent and her loyal followers of the local branch in this undertaking."

With the support of the public and veterans, the Municipal Chapter of the I.O.D.E. doubled down on the plan in play. From the 22 Mar 1909 Advertiser:

"Daughters of Empire are Going Right Ahead
"Soldiers' Monument Will Be Erected, They Say, as People Wish.

"The local chapter of the Daughters of the Empire have decided to take the matter of erecting the soldiers' monument entirely into their own hands, and they are going forward with the work, and will carry it out, as they believe the citizens and those who subscribed for the monument desire.

"Mr. G.W. Hill of Montreal, whose design was accepted, has been instructed to proceed with the work of modeling the monument, and as soon as possible it will be completed and erected in the park. This will take some time, however, as some of the bronze work has to be done in France. It is not expected that the memorial will be ready for erection before the fall.

Contract Signed.

"The contract with Mr. Hill has been signed," said one of the members today, "and as we are now certain that we are doing what meets with the approval of the citizens, the subscribers and the South African veterans, we are going ahead. We have the money subscribed in our possession, and do not anticipate any further trouble now that it has been shown so clearly what the people think of the matter. It is not a matter now for any outside chapters to interfere with, but is entirely local, and as long as we are doing what's right, we do not think there will be any trouble."

Not to be outdone by the challenge to their sense of authority by the London municipal chapter, the National Chapter of the I.O.D.E. declared their readiness to appeal to higher authority. The 14 May 1909 edition of the Advertiser disclosed that they still planned to challenge the plan for the placement of the late Queen on the monument.

"Daughters of Empire Will Appeal to Governor-General
"If Queen Is Not prominent Figure on Soldiers' Monument
"Question is Waxing Warm
"Drastic Move Threatened Against Those Who Stand for a Monument for Canadian Soldiers

"The burning question in the Daughters of the Empire dispute has ceased to be, "Shall there be a soldier on the monument?" and has now become "Shall the medallion of the Queen be permitted to grace the front of the monument?"

"It is a burning question, indeed, and the ladies feel strongly on the matter.

"The patriotic fervor of the Queen's monument faction revolts at the idea that the Queen should take a lower seat to anyone, even on a monument, and they are threatening to take drastic steps to prevent it.

"Shall the Queen be on this monument at all? they ask and answer the question with an emphatic, No! The ladies who have the strategic advantage of holding the cash are under strict, legal advice and maintain a masterly, silence on the matter.

"Work Is Going On.

"It is understood, however, that all the time Mr. Hill, sculptor, is busily engaged on the design that was originally decided upon which provides for the Queen's medallion in the place of honor, as they claim, which is anything but the place of honor according to the contention of the other factions and in this imbroglio the average citizen hardly knows where he is standing, and is impelled to ask, "Whats the answer?"

"Many a citizen, in whose breast has burned an unquenched loyalty, finds himself branded as an outcast, because he happens to want to see a soldier on the monument. It's a trying situation, and the end is not yet.

"A Terrible Threat.

"The anti-soldierites were not going suffer their opinions to be trampled upon in silence. The Queen's medallion, they reiterate, will never go on the monument. They will appeal to the governor-general to see that it is not permitted, and if this gentleman lacks the courage to settle the matter, as they choose, they claim that they, will take it to the fountain of all justice and law, the imperial parliament itself. Truly, it is no sinecure to be a member of the imperial government, when after wrestling with the suffragettes, and incidentally conducting the affairs of a great empire, they shall be compelled to decide the details of the design of a monument to be erected in London, Ontario. Mean while, until the imperial parliament has had the opportunity to consider the matter, the unhappy Londoner will be compelled to make guesses as to the probable design of the monument for the erection of which he had been induced to separate himself from some of the very useful coin of the realm.

"Some of the ladies opposed to the present design hint that they already have assurances that the late Queen's picture will not be allowed on the monument."

In June, 1909, an Advertiser article assured Londoners that the work on the monument was progressing. By 27 Aug 1909, the Advertiser was reporting "everything remains quiet in the Daughters of the Empire situation." Summarizing the level of tension of threats, made and implied, that had been reached, the paper added, "The Provincial Chapter has branded the local chapters disloyal, but the latter have not taken this very seriously." Work on the monument, in any case, was ongoing according to the established plan. In its edition published 20 Oct 1909, the Advertiser reminded its readers of the stalemate between local and provincial chapters of the D. of E. Notably, the item identified the monument as the "Queen's and Soldier's Monument."

On 29 Mar 1910, the various parties came to an agreement that maintained the course of the monument project, extricated the London ladies of the I.O.D.E. from a situation where their actions were against the wishes of their national organization, and established a new guiding committee for the monument project. While Londoners might be pleased with the result, the national chapter of the I.O.D.E. had their way in stripping the London municipal chapter's charter. The trade-off in this was the elimination of any mention of the Daughters of the Empire in any official connection with the monument, it was no longer a project of any element of their Order. That day's paper explained the new situation:

"Monument Trouble Ended
"Official Statement Made

"Important Meeting Held Today in Board of Trade Rooms at Which Final Agreement Was Ratified—Matter Is Now in the Hands of a Citizens' Committee Who Will See That a Suitable Monument Will Be Erected—Daughters of Empire Withdraw.

"The monument question has been settled.

"The principal terms of the settlement briefly are as follows:

"That the Municipal Chapter of London, of the Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire, stands dissolved, and the cancelled charter shall be forthwith returned to The National executive committee at Toronto.

"That the choice and erection of a monument shall be placed in the hands of a committee of five men to to called "The Citizens' Monument Committee," consisting of the following five citizens of London, namely, His Honor Judge Macbeth, Mayor Beattie, Col. J.W. Little, Lieut.-Col. W.M. Gartshore and Thomas H. Smallman.

"That such committee may choose and erect such a monument as the majority may decide upon.

"The present monument fund shall be forthwith transferred to the committee in trust to be dealt with as follows: All moneys raised and contributed to the monument fund by any primary chapter shall, if requested, within six weeks from the date hereof, be refunded to such primary chapter.

"That the donors of specific subscriptions to the monument fund shall, upon request, receive back the sums subscribed by them respectively. if they do not wish the moneys applied towards the erection of such monument as The Citizens' Monument Committee may decide upon. The balance of the monument fund shall be applied in payment for the erection of any monument which the Citizens' Monument Committee may decide to erect.

"That the monument shall be erected in the name of the citizens of London, that the name of the Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire shall not be used in any way in connection therewith.

"Solicitor for the National Executive Committee Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire.

"Solicitor for the Officers and Members of the Municipal Chapter of London and the Trustees of the Monument Fund.

"Dated March 24, 1910.

"The above official statement was issued by Mr. George C. Gibbons at Noon today in the Board of Trade rooms, with the other members of the committee, Col. J.W. Little, Col. W.M. Gartshore and Mr. T.H. Smallman.

"It marks the end of a controversy that has been waged for some years, and which engendered considerable feeling.

"It will be remembered that the Municipal Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire decided to erect a monument to the Canadian soldiers who fell in South Africa. The city council made a grant, and a large sum of money was raised in this city to pay for the monument.

"All went well until the question of design came up. The Municipal Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire decided that a soldier's figure should be placed on top of the monument, with a medallion of Queen Victoria on the pedestal.

"A number objected to that, and a keen controversy ensued.

"Chapter Was Suspended.

"After much publicity the Municipal Chapter was suspended by the National executive, and its charter afterwards cancelled.

"A deadlock ensued, although the contract for the monument had been awarded to Mr. Hill, of Montreal.

"Some leading citizens took the matter in hand, and after deliberations lasting some months, It has been finally adjusted.

"In brief it means that the Daughters of the Empire no longer figure in the matter at all, the citizens committee having all to do with the problem.

"From what can be learned the proposed monument will be gone on with, but if the soldier's figure is on top, as is probable, there will be no medallion of the Queen, in deference of the wishes of those who objected to its being given a secondary place."

"A Remarkable Coincidence" was the title of the caption under a photograph of a South African War monument published on the front page of the Advertiser on 12 Apr 1910. Located in Shrewsbury, England, and witnessed by a visiting Londoner, the monument featured a standing soldier figure on top of a pedestal. On the front face of the pedestal was a large medallion featuring the image of Queen Victoria, presenting the exact composition of elements which had caused so much consternation in the design choices for the London monument.

On 18 April, 1910, the Advertiser carried a public notice from the new monument committee:

"Monument Fund

"The Citizens' Monument Committee, nominated to deal with the funds originally subscribed under the auspices of The Daughters of the Empire, have decided to erect a monument in memory of the fallen soldiers in South Africa, on which no figure or medallion of her Majesty the late Queen Victoria will be placed, and such monument will be erected in the name of the citizens of the City of London, and the name of the Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire will not appear on the said monument. Donors of specific subscriptions to the Monument Fund who do not wish the moneys subscribed by them applied toward the erection of such a monument will receive back their respective subscriptions upon request, to be made in writing, to J.W. Little, Esq., secretary of the committee, within one month after publication of this notice."

"J.W. LITTLE, secretary of committee, London.
Dated April 18, 1910."

The committee's deliberations appeared in the paper again on 4 Nov 1910. Reporting on the committee's meeting on the previous day it was announced that the monument would be erected before November, 1911. There was also a unfinished piece of business regarding the return of contributions to one of the chapters of the Daughters of the Empire.

On 26 Jan 1911, the prediction appeared that the monument might arrive in the city in the late spring. An unveiling date was yet to be selected but arrangements were planned for a large celebration around the unveiling ceremony. In addition, for what appears to be the first time, the names of fallen soldiers to appear on the monument were published:

By 30 Nov 1911, the bronze plaques for the monument had arrived in the city and were inspected by the committee. Found to be satisfactory, they would wait until construction could begin in the spring when the granite for the base would be obtainable.

The city's engagement in the project had not ended with its contributions to the fund or the allocation of space in Victoria Park. On 1 Dec 1911, the Advertiser carried notes of a meeting of the Water Commissioners, at which it was decided to erect four extra lights in the Park to be placed around the Soldiers' Monument.

In February, 1912, the work of the monument committee in preparing for an unveiling ceremony worthy of the monument project came to light. The Advertiser, on 24 Feb 1912, announced that the Royal Couple, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, possibly with their daughter, Princess Patricia, would be visiting the city of London on 29 May 1912. Having the Governor-General present to unveil the city's monument to the fallen of South Africa was a signal honour. The date of the visit also happened to coincide with the opening of the National Council of Women which was being held in London that year, an organization for which the Duchess was honorary president. The reception and visit to London would be a civic affair, under the auspices of Mayor Graham and a city reception committee.

The city's reception committee and local members of the National Council of Women met on 16 Mar 1912 to discuss the plan for the royal visit. Details were published in The Advertiser the same date. The proposed general plan included a welcoming reception at the Normal School and the opening of the Women's convention at that site, a civic luncheon at the Tecumseh Hotel, the unveiling of the soldiers' monument, presentation of diplomas to graduates of the Victoria Hospital Training School, a drive about the city, and then a civic and military reception to be held in the Armouries. The Armouries would be decorated with the intention of making the occasion "one of the most notable in the city's history."

The visit programme was reiterated in the paper on 24 Apr 1912 with few changes but it was emphasized that the programme was not yet finalized. It was to be noted that a split of the royal party was proposed for luncheon, with the Governor-General being taken to the Tecumseh while the Duchess and Princess lunched with the ladies of the National Council of Women.

On 9 May 1912, it was shared in the paper that the proposed programme would see one significant deletion. Their royal highnesses had declined to have the public reception at the close of the day and it was to be removed from the schedule. An invitation for an informal visit to the Queen Alexandria Sanatorium was yet to be confirmed.

The following day's paper noted that one small issue of contention between the organizing committees had been ironed out. The local Committee of the National Council of Women had assumed the luncheon was their affair and that they would determine seating. This expectation was overthrown by the clarification that it was, in fact, a civic affair and the city's selection of seating arrangements would take precedence.

By 15 May it was confirmed that the schedule as described, with no civic reception, was to be the order of the day. The visit to the Sanatorium, under the auspices of Hon. Adam Beck (Ontario MPP for London and Chairman of Ontario Hydro) would close the day's schedule for the royal couple.

While the Governor-General's visit to London might be a civic affair, the unveiling of the soldiers' monument would certainly have a military element. On 25 May 1912, The Advertiser shared the following order issued to local units:

"A Garrison Parade to Victoria Park
"Upon the Occasion of the Unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument.

"The following order has been issued by Colonel Hodgins: Upon the occasion of the unveiling of the soldiers' monument by his Royal Highness, the London garrison, as under, will parade in Victoria Park, on Wednesday, the 29th instant:

"1st Hussars, A and B Squadrons; 6th Field Battery, C.F.A.; K Company, Royal Canadian Regiment; Canadian Signalling Corps; No. XV. Field Ambulance Unit, A.M.C.; No. 1 Detachment, Canadian Ordnance Corps.

"The parade will be under the command of Colonel Hodgins, commanding first division.

"The troops will assemble at the armories at such time as will enable them to be formed up in their places at the monument a 2:30 p.m. Dress: Review order.

"When the corps is formed up in Victoria Park, officers will take post in front of their respective corps, at two paces distance from the front rank.

"Two markers from each unit will report to the D.A.A. & Q.M.G. first division, at the monument at 2:16 p.m. sharp."

While the 25 May 1912 edition of The London Advertiser was sharing details of the military parade, deep in the paper on page 13 almost the full page was dedicated to another story connected to the upcoming unveiling of the soldiers' monument. A headline spanning the page read:

"The Story of Private "Archie" Pinel, a South African Hero, Who Has Been Bedridden and Paralyzed Since the Great War; How He Lives on $17 a Month"

With two photos of Pinel in the upper centre of the page, the related text spanned four articles which are transcribed below. They are titled:

A letter to The London Advertiser from J.S. Chenay introduced to the citizens of London the plight of a soldier of the South Africa War in their own city who, as a result of injuries sustain overseas, was now paralyzed and had been bedridden for some years. With the unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument only days away, it was an ideal opportunity to bring his story to the notice of the many who could help his situation.

"An Appeal for One Unsung African Hero

"Mr. J.S. Chenay Brings the Case of Private "Archie" Pinel Before the Public, Believing They Are Eager to Make His Life Easier

"A Chance To Help a Stricken Hero

"Mr. Ernest Ruse, city ticket agent of the Grand Trunk, has kindly consented to receive subscriptions asked for by friends of Private Pinel, the South African veteran, whose sad story is herewith related.

"What a fine thing if enough could be secured before the Duke comes!

"What a fine thing if the Duke would visit the home of this forgotten here and present the contribution!

"It would be the proudest moment of the stricken soldier's life.

"To the Editor of The Advertiser:

"Next week his Royal Highness the Governor-General will unveil, in Victoria Park, a magnificent monument erected in memory of the London boys who lost their lives in the late Boer war, and whose bodies now rest in one or other of the many soldiers' graveyards which dot the South African map.

"This monument was made possible through the untiring efforts of the Daughters of the Empire, whose good works are so well known to all. The Magnificent sum of $10,000 rewarded their faithful endeavors to commemorate for all time the Londoners who so cheerfully answered with their young lives the call of the Empire: and, what Canadian, whether he believes the war to have been justifiable or not, will say that such sacrifices do not deserve such a reward, and that their memories do not merit the honor which the son of the late Queen Victoria, whom they so valiantly served, is to bestow upon them?

"Yet, Mr. Editor, it strikes me most forcibly on this occasion that, in expending $10,000 to erect this monument and several thousands of dollars in addition for escorts, guards-of-honor and social functions connected with the unveiling by His Royal Highness, the worthy organizations and the Public who so generously assisted them, are performing a most laudable and praise-worthy act, but neglecting a duty of immeasurably greater importance the duty which the public owes to those most unfortunate survivors upon whom the fate of war fell with ten thousand times more cruelty than upon those who now lie buried on the battlefields of South Africa.

"Public Should Know of This Case.

"But I should not have said they are neglecting this duty, for they are not, I am quite sure, aware of its existence, and I feel certain that the pitiable condition of one of these unfortunate survivors, residing in this prosperous city of ours, needs only to be brought to notice to receive from an ever generous public the attention which it so richly deserves. And this, Mr. Editor, is my reason for asking you to kindly give this publication.

"In his little room in his father's humble home in East London, in a bed which be has never left for the past nine long years lies George Pinel, better known to Londoners as "Archie." Shoulder to shoulder with the men whose memories are to be so signally honored next Wednesday, he fought through many of the memorable engagements of the Boer war, suffered the hardships which they suffered, and shared their privations. Near Pretoria, shortly before the return of the Canadian contingent, he sustained an injury, which, although slow in its work, his been most deadly, One short month or so after his return home he found himself unable to follow any occupation, and the little money which he brought back with him was spent in efforts to effect a cure. Two years or so after his return he became a helpless cripple, and for, the past nine years, through bitter, winters and sweltering summers, he has lain on his back in the bed which will be his resting place for the remainder of his life, unable to sit up for a solitary moment, and suffering agonies which can better be imagined than described.

"Through all these long years, answering his every call by day and night, his feeble mother has tenderly nursed him, and his father, with ever-decreasing earning power as the years roll by, has struggled on against the ever-increasing cost of living, to provide for his helpless son, who, but for his service to the Empire, would have been a comfort and a support to them in their declining years. Through all these long years they have never complained against the cruel fate which has fallen to their lot, and when the war office, some five or six years ago, awarded their son a humble pension, sufficient to provide his food, but entirely inadequate for any of the many comforts which such a sufferer needs, they accepted it as a godsend.

"Is His Reward an Ample Reward?

"Does the public consider this small reward sufficient recompense for a life-time of suffering on the part of the son and the years and years of untold grief and privation which his parents have undergone? I think not, and feel certain that the generous citizens of London, while enjoying the magnificent pageant which is to take place next Wednesday in memory of those whose sufferings have long since ceased, will not forget one who is still suffering a living death as the price of his service to the Empire. They would, no doubt, be glad of the opportunity, if such presents itself, to bestow upon him the immeasurable joys and comforts which a small contribution from each one would make possible, and to provide for the long years to come, when his aged parents will end their labors and leave him to the mercies of a public so generous yet so prone to forget. Feeling certain that some one of our patriotic societies or citizens would be pleased to afford the opportunity to help in this good cause to the many, who, I am sure, desire to do so, I trust you will give this publication.

"Yours truly, J.S. Chenay.

In the second article, centred on the page below the photos of Archie, The London Advertiser had seized the editorial opportunity and did its work to present the pitiable plight of Private Pinel in the light of the impending unveiling and to reinforce the public appeal for support:


"The Sacrifice of One South African Veteran: a Living Death His Lot for Nine Years.
"As Monument to Heroes Is Being Erected, Private George Pinel, Rendered Helpless During War, Lies Unable to Move in Humble Home—Kept Alive on Pittance.

"What if the best of our wages be
An empty sleeve, a stiff-set knee,
A crutch for the rest of life—who cares
So long as the one flag floats and dares!"

"They are unveiling a monument on May 29th in Victoria Park to the heroes who died in South Africa for their country. It will ever stand a symbol of the valor of the sons of Canada, and of London particularly, and those who have reared the proud shaft will be worthy of all the honor loyal subjects and royalty may bestow. The time is appropriate to tell the story of a South African martyr to whom even death may have been welcome during the dark night that rolled over his life after the struggle on the veldt had been decided.

"In another column will be found a letter from a gentleman who believed the present unveiling ceremony the fitting occasion for the bringing of the matter to the attention cf these who are ever ready to make easy the existence of one who has suffered long. But neither his words nor the words of many other charitable friends can serve to present the story in more pitiable character than the facts warrant.

"The monument in Victoria Park is for those who died. What for the man who has died to the world, yet lives?

"Private George Pinel, "B" Company, Second Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment—-the crack company of the finest body of men that ever left the Dominion—has been prone and helpless for nine long years as a result of injuries he received in South Africa, His home is a humble home. His mother has attended him night and day for seven years. His father has done the best he could for his boy on meager wages. Yet all that this now unsung and forgotten warrior has to ease the long, lonely road of life is $17 a month.

"All honor to the war office that granted him this life pension. It is in truth a life pension. It keeps the wolf from the door of a man who cannot lift arms to protect himself, it gives him food and drink, such clothes as are needed, but nothing more. It does not buy him books to read, nor material comforts for his body. It does not buy him sunshine and fresh air and flowers. The life left him has for its boundaries the four walls of a small front room in a little frame house on Dorinda street. The sun comes into this room in the morning, but the blue sky is far away for the man who cannot lift his head. He may hear the singing of birds, but he cannot see them in the trees.

"The man himself is glad enough to be there with his mother (yes, she's one of those sainted mothers). All honor to this woman, who has given these seven years to the care, single-handed, of the son whose portraits show him to have been a giant before the war. Her burden is scarcely lighter than his. Day and night her hand is ready, and she has seldom left her home in all that time. She is nearing seventy, and it is time that some of the drudgery is lifted.

"In a word, his good friends think it is time for a little service from the public at large in return for the greatest service he so willingly gave on the tawny plains of the Transvaal.

"It is time that the man had more attention from the nation upon whose altar he laid his manhood and his strength.

"Those who cheered this man when he went to War may cheer him now, and those who do will feel that their act is not charitable, but a privilege they should gladly accept.

"George Pinel is likely to live many years. He will not always have the care of his mother and father. He might eke out an existence in an institution, but life is bare, to say the best, in the best refuge that public charity has erected.

"The bands will play on May 29th. The boy who was in the honored Canadian phalanx that marched first past Cronje after Paardeburg (sic) will not hear their music, unless a kind wind bears it to his bed of suffering. He will never see the monument or the gracious prince who unveils it. No one will gaze upon the monument that is erected to his departed comrades, and willingly disregard the call that has been made in his behalf.

"Private Pinel has been paralyzed below the waist since the war, as a result of having his injured horse fall upon him. He would not ask for more than he has. He thinks he has been well treated by the war office, and looks upon his pension as a magnificent sum, It has been paid him for six years now and is his only anchor to windward. He thinks it is "the best of our wages." Yet, what does it give him? A plain bed, a mattress, food, drink; but it does not buy good cheer. It is not enough to raise the sombrous curtain that must fall about his mind.

"The public is seldom appealed to in vain. It has its easy-going dollars for pleasure, and it is well to state just what might be accomplished for Private Pinel with a small sum.

"In the first place, his home was not built to shelter an invalid, It has no verandah, and never in the seven years has the patient been moved from the small front room. Money would provide him with an abode such as his sacrifice merits. It would build a sun-parlor and verandah. It would provide him with comfortable and portable beds and mattresses. He could be moved about without trouble, and he would be able to gaze out into the blue canopy of heaven.

"A contribution would buy an electric fan to cool the room in the summer and provide electric light; it would bring to the sufferer the many devices that have been constructed with a view to easing the tribulation of these pent-up for life. It would do a hundred other things, It would make life as bearable as possible for the disabled soldier. It would bless every man, woman and child who partook of the opportunity.

"At the request of Mr. Pinel's friends, Mr. Ernest Ruse, city ticket agent of the Grand Trunk, has consented to act as custodian to the fund, and contributions will be received at once.

In the third article, the observations of an old friend were added to put into context what opportunities and potential were lost when Archie Pinel was paralyzed:

"An Impression of "Archie" Pinel By an Old Baseball Friend
"Would Have Been a George Gibson Had He Followed Sport Rather Than War—A Chance to Help.

"[By a Baseball Admirer.]

"It's a far cry from a baseball field in London, Ontario, to the bloody field of Paardeberg in the Transvaal, and yet the unveiling here on May 29 of the monument to the Canadian heroes who distinguished themselves in that memorable fight suggests a connection to many people in this city. And a living link exists in this city to remind these people that what General Sherman said of war is real. This link is "Archie" Pinel, a one-time well-known and clever ball player, and now a hopeless invalid, lying for nine years ; a couch of pain in a modest little home on Dorinda street, East London.

"Thirteen years ago "Archie" Pinel was an athletic young man, full of life and spirits. The Boer war broke out, and he answered the call of the Empire to fight for the flag in South Africa, was hurt by a horse being killed under him and now he is a paralytic.

"A Pathetic Picture.

"The picture is a sad one. Archie Pinel in the days of the famous amateur baseball team, the Pastimes, was a wonder-worker in baseball. It is said by critics who knew him well that if he had followed the game instead of war, he would have been a player the equal of George Gibson. But that is one of the hopes of his friends of years ago, which was long since shattered.

"Through the interest taken in him by friends, Mr. Pinel was awarded a pension of $17 a month, but this is not enough. His father and mother are growing aged and feeble, and the task of waiting on "the boy" is a hard one, although the work be a pleasure even if it wears the old folks to the bone.

"Now Archie's old friends of years ago in baseball have a chance to do something for him. Only those who knew him on the baseball diamond can realize what an awful change has come over him. His famous cry to "Ginger up" was an electricity to the Pastimes, and he was as active as a tiger when he caught for the Pastimes and they won the city championship.

"Mr. Hussey His Manager.

"Harry Hussey, of this city, known in his baseball days as "Mose," was manager of the team then, and is no doubt in touch with many of the players who ran the bases with Archie.

"Mr. E. Ruse, of the G.T.R. ticket office, will be pleased to receive subscriptions for this old-time ball player who is now a hopeless invalid.

Finally, the fourth article in The London Advertiser on 25 May 1912 described how Pinel was injured in South Africa and his current state:

"Private Pinel Unable to Accept Invitation to See Unveiling of Monument

"Condition Prevents Moving of Veteran From Room He Has Occupied for Seven Years—Aged Mother at His Side Constantly.
"Tells of Occasion When He Was Injured in South Africa
"Interested In the London Baseball Team and Eagerly Asks "Did London Win"—What a Little Money Would Do—A Glimpse Into His Home.

"God bless you boys for coming to see a poor old chap like me. Mother and I are great old pals, and that's all that makes life worth living." These were the words of greeting from Private George Pinel, when an Advertiser representative and an old friend called at his home, 433 Dorinda street, yesterday. Then he talked cheerfully for an hour, relating stories of the war, and voicing complaint in not one word.

"Citizens remember George Pinel as "Archie"" He became famous locally as a player on the old Pastime ball team, and there was no better man on the team than he when they won the championship of the city, He was full of the strength of youth, and was a born catcher.

"He entered the military service with the Seventh Regiment and subsequently enlisted with the permanent force at Wolseley Barracks. When the war in South Africa was declared he enlisted. Physicians who gave him physical examination at the time declared that he was one of the best specimens of manhood with whom they dealt. He was with the regiment in all of its most important service, and formed one of the battalion that is credited with having done the most telling service of the campaign. After Paardeburg (sic) there came long sieges of marching for the Canadians, with very few engagements to break the monotony. Above Pretoria was Gen. Hutton, organizing a mounted brigade, and Col. Denison secured a place for Pinel with the staff. He served as chef for Gen. Hutton, and found that his time was occupied and that there was a break in dreary routine.

"How Pinel Was Injured.

"One morning after camp had been broken, Pinel rode ahead of the cook's convoy some distance, and when he came to a ravine noticed a Boer on the other side. Before he could unsling his rifle from his back, the Boer had covered him and fired. The bullet struck Pinel's horse, and with a leap the animal fell, alighting upon the rider in such a manner as to twist his spine and injure his legs. The Boer quickly made off. The London soldier was able to extricate himself, and pulled himself to a clump of bushes. He was picked up by the convoy and was cared for by his companions, having been warned not to go to the nearest hospital because of the prevalence of fever. He was able to get about after a fashion, and seemed even to recover at one time. He was on his feet, though unsteady, when the contingent came home. He secured work as an attendant at the the Hospital for the Insane, and went about his duties for one month. One day he fell upon the floor, and was never able to rise again. He has lost the use of his legs and back completely. For two years he was in the hospital and the Home for Incurables, and seven years ago, May 24, he was brought home at the request of his mother.

"His Assets Are Few.

"His land grants were sold for what could be secured, and friends who interested themselves in his behalf secured a pension for him six years ago, His father is employed at the Grand Trunk carshops, but is fast nearing the three score and ten mark. His mother maintains that she is still able to care for him, yet the work is too much for her.

"On the wall are pictures of the sufferer and other members of the family. The man who has never been outside the low-ceilinged room in seven years appears in athletic and military groups, a broad-shouldered, well-groomed young man. The man on the bed is misshapen, corpulent through lack of exercise, resigned to his dreary fate.

"I'm paying the price, boys," he said. "But I have not a word to say. My pension and mother are the two chief guardians." And he could think of nothing more he needed.

"Did London win?" he eagerly asked.

"How I'd like to see them play! This Bowerman must be a real player, eh?

"Yes, I'd like to have a look at that airship.

"But Is His Nerve Gone?

"See the Duke? Why, I'd give one of this old bloke's legs to see them unveil the monument! Could I be moved? Why, bless your hearts, boys, I can hardly bear the thought of it. I cannot turn an inch without feeling it. But I'd almost like to try. But then—Oh, I had the nerve once, boys, but it's all gone now. Its been sapped out of me by these nine years on my back."

"It was pitiful. Yet it was not a whine. And his nerve was not gone. One could find a strong courage in the man's cheery words to his mother She was doing something for him every moment.

"In mind some one could build a place on the front of that little house that would be a haven for the stricken soldier to the end of his days. If it were only to show him the blue sky and people passing, the reward would be immeasurable. For Pinel has seen few of his old friends in the last few years. The kindest of people forget or are too much occupied with their own troubles, And it would be the sight of seven years if he could see some baby boys and girls on the street or a dog scampering about or an automobile. Who knows, but with scientific care the man might not some day be able to get about and again see the world from which he has for so long been separated, even as one buried? A little money, a hundred dollars or so, will put sweetness and light into the life of one who can perhaps no more call back the cheers from thousands of throats that once hailed him, home-coming as a conquering hero.

"Whatever one's thought of the man, whatever one's thoughts of the nation's duty to the man, the fact remains that he will be properly cared for when the citizens who yet feel proud of old "B" company, make him feel that honor is not done only to the heroes who have died."

On Monday 27 May 1912, the London Advertiser's front page displayed the schedule for the royal visit. The page also provided details on the immediate response to the call for subscriptions to support "Archie" Pinel, led by $20.00 from The Advertiser's editorial staff. The article included the following comments, opening up the possibility of getting Archie to the unveiling ceremony:

"Two Good Friends.

"Dr. and Mrs. H.A. Kingsmill have expressed the intention of visiting the home of Pte. Pinel to ascertain whether or not there is a possibility of bringing him to Victoria Park on May 29 to see the unveiling ceremony. They propose to spare no time or expense to make this possible if the crippled soldier is in condition to be moved. It may be that an ambulance will be secured, with the top removed. With a bed in the centre the sufferer could see the proceedings.

"Others have suggested that if it is not possible to move Pte. Pinel, that the duke be asked to pay him a visit, and that the money secured be presented by him."

Another item on the 27 May 1912 front page was an article on the visit to the city of a Curtis Biplane flown by Beckwith Havens, the "first time an airship had gone over London." Beckwith landed his aircraft at the Carling Farm.

Details of the Royal Visit were published in full in the pages of The London Advertiser on 28 May 1912 under the headline:

"London Will Be Honored Tomorrow With a Visit By the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia."

"Only Good Weather Needed To Properly Receive The Duke
"All Arrangements Have Been Completed for the Reception of the Royal Party, Who Will Arrive Here About 11 o'Clock at the C.P.R. Depot.

"Everything is in readiness for the reception to their royal highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia tomorrow. All that remains now is good weather and then the function will be an undoubted success. The reception committee had a brief meeting at noon today, when the finishing touches were put on.

"Col. Macdonnell, of the military headquarters, had a conference with the committee and made arrangements for the military end of the affair. A garrison parade has been ordered by Col. Hodgins, D.O.C., and all the regiments represented in this district will be on hand, including the men at Wolseley Barracks.

"Pte. Pinel Will Be There.

"Orders have also been issued for the South African veterans to parade to the park at 2:30 o'clock to witness the unveiling. Dr. A.V. Becher, the president of the local organization, has given orders for the parade, and it is expected that every veteran of this war will be on hand. All will wear their South African medals.

"Arrangements have been completed to bring Pte. Archie Pinel to the ceremonies, and he will be a conspicuous figure at the function.

"The duke, as announced previously, will arrive in London shortly after 11 o'clock over the Grand Trunk. Owing to the fact that half a dozen passenger trains arrive at the same time, it was found impossible to have any ceremonies at the station. After consulting with the railway officials it was decided to transfer the royal train to the C.P.R. station. The latter company are handling the train on its return trip, and it was thought advisable to have the reception to the royal party held at the C.P.R. As a result the conference decided that the latter was the better arrangement, and it was decided upon. The Grand Trunk will transfer the royal train over the interswitching line to the C.P.R. The latter company have a train arriving about this hour, but it will be held in the yards until the reception is over.

"Mayor Will Meet the Duke.

"When the Governor-General arrives, Col. Lowther, his military secretary, will alight, and will then escort Mayor Graham to the royal car, where he will be introduced to Their Highnesses. The whole party will then alight, and his worship will introduce them to the aldermen and their wives. Little "Marion Coles, daughter of Ald. W.G. Coles, and Honore Cronyn, daughter of Major Hume Cronyn, will present the Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia with handsome bouquets of flowers.

"The guard of honor will then be inspected by the duke, and on the completion of this the mayor and council will precede the royal party to the Normal School.

"The Official Welcome.

"On their arrival there Mayor Graham will read the official address of welcome. The National Council of Women will then have charge of the party, the duchess and Princess Patrica taking part in the convention.

"At 12:30 o'clock. the duke, accompanied by the council, will take a drive about the city, paying particular attention to the factory sites and workingmen's homes.

"The duke will arrive at the Tecumseh House at 1 o'clock, or shortly afterwards, and a reception will be held in the parlors upstairs, where he will be introduced to the guests at the luncheon.

"In the meantime, the Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia will be entertained to luncheon at the Normal School. Mrs. C.M.R. Graham, wife of the mayor, will preside at the table. Those seated with her will be the following: On her right, the Duchess of Connaught, Mrs. Senator Coffey, Miss Pelly, lady-in-waiting, Mrs, W.E. Hodgins, Mrs. W. Long, Mrs. H.A. Boomer, Mrs. Plumire, Miss Derich. On her left will be: Princess Patricia, Mrs. Adam Beck, Mrs. F.H. Torrington, Lady Gibson, Lady Gibbons, Lady Taylor, Mrs, Willoughby Cummings, and Mrs. George Watt. Five only are London ladies, the others being delegates to the National Council, of Women.

"The Tables.

"There will be eighteen other tables, each presided over by the wives of the aldermen, or the wives of those connected with the civic boards, Table "A" will be presided over by Mrs. W.G. Coles; "B," by Mrs. Wm. Spittal; "C," by Mrs. R.F. Blandford; "D," by Mrs. W.E. Robinson; "E," by Miss Richter; "F," by Miss M. Moore; "G," by Mrs. B.W. Bennett; "H," by Mrs. H. Ashplant; "I" by Mrs. W.D.I. Wright; "J," by Mrs. T.J. Murphy; "K" by Mrs. E.H. Johnston; "L," by Mrs. Philip Pocock; "M," by Mrs. S.J. Radcliffe; "N," by Mrs. S. Stevely; "O," by Mrs. A.A. Campbell; "P," by Mrs, J.C. Judd; "Q," by Mrs. W.M. Gartshore, and "R," by Mrs. E.L. Williams.

"The luncheon to the duke will be Presided over by Mayor Graham, The only toast will be that to the King. There will be no speeches.

"Unveiling the Monument.

"At 2:30 the start for Victoria Park will be made, the Governor-General Joining the 'duchess and Princess Patricia at the Normal School. The monument will be ready in time for the unveiling, Mr. Geo. W. Hill, of Montreal, the sculptor, having a large force of men at work today, and they have practically completed their work.

"The lettering is not quite finished, but this is not an excessive job, and will be ready for the unveiling beyond question. It is a very fine piece of work, and a decided acquisition to the city.

"An address will be read to the Duke of Connaught, prior to the unveiling of the monument. It will be read by Col. J.W. Little.

"The other ceremonials will be carried through very rapidly, and it is expected that at 4:30 o'clock the royal party will be on their way to their cars. Hon. Adam end Mrs, Beck will be in charge of them from that time on, and it is understood that they will be entertained at Mr. Beck's residence, later going to the Byron Sanatorium.

The other big news story related to the unveiling on 28 May 1912 was that Archie Pinel would be there. Following an update on the collection of subscriptions for Pinel was the following note:

"To See Statute Unveiled.

"Yesterday Dr. H.A. Kingsmill paid a visit to the home of Pte. Pinel, and after making an examination came to the conclusion that with the exercise of extreme care it would be possible to have the soldier removed from his home and conveyed to Victoria Park in an ambulance in order that he might witness the unveiling of the monument."

After the major events of the day had been completed, the 29 May 1912 edition of The London Advertiser published a detailed description of each stage of the visit and a detailed description of the monument and its plaques. The section of its article covering the unveiling follows:

"Monument Unveiled.

"At 2:30 o'clock the royal party were taken to Victoria Park, where the soldiers' monument was unveiled. Col. Little, secretary of the monument committee, read an address to his royal highness and officially handed the monument over to the city.

"The address was as follows:

"To Field Marshal, His Royal Highness Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught and of Strathearn, and Earl of Sussex, K.G., K.T., K.P., G.M.B., G.S.G.I., G.C.M.G., G.C., I.E., G.C.V.O., P.C., Governor-General of Canada:

"May it please your royal highness.

"Shortly after the close of the South African war it was decided to erect in this city a monument in honor of the gallant men of the London district, who volunteered for service when the British dominions beyond the seas first sent their sons to fight the battles of the empire.

"The matter was taken up by a number of energetic ladies in the city, and the necessary funds were quickly subscribed.

"The completion of the work has been delayed by various causes, among them the destruction of the pedestal by fire, in the shops at the quarry, but this delay is not to be regretted, in view of the fact that the monument is now ready to be unveiled when the city of London is being honored by a visit from your royal highness, and their royal highnesses the duchess and the Princess Patricia.

"The committee to whom the supervision of the work was assigned therefore most respectfully pray that your royal highness will be graciously pleased to unveil this monument.

"In honor of the men from the London district who fought for the empire in South Africa, and in memory of those who fell.

"And to deliver it for safekeeping to the custody of the mayor and council of the city of London.

"(Signed), Talbot Macbeth, chairman.
J.W. Little, secretary citizens monument committee.
London, Ont., May 29, 1912."

To supplement the photos of the monument, these details were provided for readers:

"The Soldiers' Monument.

"The monument that was unveiled at Victoria Park this afternoon is a fine specimen of the sculptor's art, and was made by Mr. George W. Hill, the celebrated sculptor, of Montreal. That the figure of the soldier is accurate to the most minute detail is due to the fact that Col. J.W. Little, of this city, secured from the Government a complete outfit as worn by the Canadian soldiers in the South African war, and it was used as a model by the sculptor.

"The following inscriptions are on the four sides of the pedestal of the monument:

"West Side.


"1899. — 1902.

"South Side. Names of London soldiers who died in South Africa:

"East Side. Names of battles:

"North Side. Names of Canadian regiments:

The Advertiser's edition on 29 May 1912 also included an update on the contributions to the subscriptions for Private Pinel, the fund totaling at the time of printing $274.45. In the accompanying remarks to thus update, it was noted that "arrangements to convey [Pinel] to Victoria Park had been completed. The ambulance of Mr. William Smith, of Dundas street, was given voluntarily, and there will be a movable invalid truck inside, covered with a canopy. It will be one of the most touching sights of the visit of royalty."

The London Advertiser provided details coverage of the Royal visit in its issue of 30 May 1912. The published description of the unveiling ceremony at Victoria Park was as follows:

"Immense Throng Of 15,000 People Saw The Soldiers' Monument Unveiled In Park

"Scene Was One of Military Splendor, With Crack Seventh Regiment and Veterans of Days Gone By Drawn Up in Proud Array.
"Medals And Diplomas Presented To Victoria Hospital Graduate Nurses
"6,000 School Children Surprised the Royal Party at Collegiate By a Most Unique Display of Union Jacks as an Emphasis to an Enthusiastic Welcome.

"Hearty as was the reception given their royal highnesses, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia Wednesday morning, it was completely overshadowed by the enthusiastic demonstration that greeted them at every turn during the afternoon. The earlier functions did not create the enthusiasm that was manifest later. The dark morning and a lowering sky tended to put a damper on outbursts of applause, but in the afternoon the skies cleared away, and the day was bright, and everybody was in a most cheerful frame of mind.

"The royal visitors won the hearts of all by their democratic actions and thoughtfulness, and from the Normal School to the train after the completion of a very strenuous day, throngs cheered them at every step.

"In spite of the fatiguing day the Duke and Duchess and Princess Patricia were in high spirits at the close. The evening was spent quietly at Headley, Hon. Adam Beck's residence. At 14:40 o'clock promptly the royal train left for Guelph, where they are being tendered a reception today.

"Sharp at 2:45 o'clock the Duke of Connaught was driven to the Normal School in Mr. Philip Pocock's car, where he joined the Duchess and Princess Patricia. They were driven at once to Victoria Park, through lanes of cheering people.

"In Victoria Park.

"On arriving at the park an enormous throng greeted them with rousing cheers, It was almost impossible to get through the streets in the vicinity, and the park was a mass of people, The crowd there is estimated at 15,000 people, and one could readily imagine that there were that many persons there. The square was literally packed with people, of all sorts and conditions. The London garrison turned out to do honer to Canada's princely ruler, and his wife and daughter. The park itself never looked better. The trees were in their loveliest dress, and the flowers and shrubs presented a most pleasing picture to the eye. Tho brilliancy of the uniforms of the militia added splendor to the occasion, and it was a time long to be remembered by those who were privileged to witness It. On the platform were Col. Little, Mayor Graham, Judge Macbeth, T.H. Smallman, Sir George Gibbons, ex-Mayor Beattie, Phillip Pocock, and members of the royal party.

"Unveiling the Monument.

"The most interesting portion of the ceremonies there was the unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument, in memory of the gallant heroes who laid down their lives for the integrity of the Empire in South Africa. This occasion particularly appealed to the duke, military man that he always has been. No function of the day interested him more.

"The royal party were driven at once to the stand built especially for them. On reaching the platform, Col. Little, secretary of the monument committee, stepped forward, and read his highness an address, and officially handed the monument over to the city's keeping.

"His highness made an apt reply, and expressed his pleasure that he was allowed to unveil a monument to the heroes of London and Middlesex. He said:

"Gentlemen,—I am glad that the date I selected for my visit to London coincided with the completion of this memorial, which shows that the services of those who thought and of those who fell for the empire are held in honor by the city of London.

"You have here in Canada a charming custom of decorating your monuments with flowers on Empire Day, a custom which might well be more generally adopted in the old country.

"That custom makes a memorial into that which its name signifies, namely, 'something which causes you to remember.' May this memorial cause the young men of London to remember that their predecessors were ready to leave everything for the sake of their flag, and may they be thereby inspired to follow the example of those to whom the monument is erected.

"I have great pleasure in unveiling this monument in honor of the men from the London district who fought for the empire in South Africa, and in memory of those who fell.

"I also deliver it into the custody of the mayor and council of the city of London."

"Memorial Revealed.

"His highness then pulled the string that revealed London's first monument. For a moment the crowd stood hushed, and then a tremendous cheer broke from every throat. The tension of the day was relieved, and the throng continued cheering for some moments.

"Being a soldier of long experience, his highness was deeply interested in the militia, and be inspected the men drawn up in the form of a hollow square in the park. His first thought was for the brave old boys, the veterans of many years. And some of many wars, and his steps were directed quickly towards them.

"The first he saw was Private Archie Pinel, and his little old mother beside him. Pte. Pinel was supported on a stretcher, holding in his hand a magnificent bunch of roses, sent to him by the Duchess of Connaught, just as soon as she saw him. Years filled his eyes as the duke pressed his hand. His highness chatted with him for some moments, holding Pinel's hand all the while.

"Then the duke saw the veterans of 1885, men who had fought against Louis Riel in the West. There were also the Fenian Raid Veterans of 1866. He chatted with one and then the other, asking as to their health, and manifesting a deep interest in every one. They were a fine sight these crippled old men, who had fought the good fight in days long gone by.

"The South African veterans came next, and for them his highness had also a kindly word of greeting. His face was wreathed in smiles as he passed through the ranks.

"Then came the Seventh Regiment, the First Hussars, the Sixth Field Battery, the Army Medical Corps, the R.C.R., and the others. They were a smart-looking lot of soldiers were these citizens, who were devoting their time to prepare themselves for the emergency that any time might follow. His highness complimented Col. Hodgins, Col. Campbell of the Seventh, Major Leonard of the Battery, Col. Abbott of the First Hussars, and the other officers on the fine body of men under their commands.

"The Boy Scouts.

"Last of all came the Boy Scouts. These soldiers in the making were a sturdy, healthy lot of lads, and they were closely scrutinized. They passed muster every one of them. They were a group of youngsters that no military man need be ashamed of, and they conducted themselves right nobly. His highness wag delighted with them, that Inspiring smile of his filling all with confidence.

"He finished his duty, and then returned to the platform. Then follows one of those gracious acts, for which the duchess and Princess Patricia are so noted, Expressing a desire to see Archie Pinel. Mayor Graham escorted them to where the crippled soldier lay, and was introduced to the veteran.

"As a mother would speak to her sick son, so did the royal visitors speak to the sick soldier. The crowd was deeply impressed with this kindly action, and as soon as the men recovered their voices, they gave a cheer that could be heard for miles."

Details of the interaction between Archie Pinel and the royal visitors appeared in more than one descriptive article. The stage was set for this opportunity before they arrived at the park by the mayor informing the Duke that Pinel would be at the ceremony:

"His worship [Mayor Graham] informed the Advertiser…

"During the drive about the city I spoke to him about Private Pinel and he declared that he would be delighted to pay him a visit, and cautioned me not to forget to remind him of it. As soon as he started the inspection with me, he saw Private Pinel, and went right up to him and greeted the poor fellow, "Old chap, I am sorry to see you in this condition," he said to Pinel. "I want to say that I and my family fully appreciate your devotion and loyalty."

"Spoke to Private Pinel.

"When he finished the inspection he came back to the stand and asked the Duchess to speak a few words to Private Pinel. She gladly consented, and turning to Princess Patricia, he said: 'Run along, Pat, with your mother The princess was most gracious, and added her tribute to Archie Pinel."

A separate article in the 30 May Advertiser described Archie's interaction with the royal visitors in greater detail:

"Duke, Duchess, Princess Shook Archie Pinel's Hand as He Lay on a Stretcher

"Act of Human Kindness Aroused People to Wild State of Enthusiasm
"Party Chatted With Veteran
"A Memorable Scene at Unveiling of the Monument in Victoria Park

"There will be many bars on your medal of honor."

"These words spoken yesterday by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Connaught to Private Archie Pinel, who met a living death in his country's cause, brought a ray of sunshine into the gray life of one of Canada's living heroes. Henceforth the long days will seem a little less tedious to the man who for nine weary years has lain upon a bed of pain, all but forgotten by his fellow-citizens, for whom he gave up freely youth, strength, ambition, all that made life worth while.

"These words of the first lady of the land will not bring back the joy of life, the youth, strength, and the prospect of a long and useful career which passed for Archie Pinel on that day, now years ago when his horse, pierced by a Boer bullet, threw his young rider to the ground inflicting injuries from which he rose only to face a life of hopeless, unending misery.

"Not in Vain.

"But Pte. Pinel may at least find solace in the thought that his living sacrifice has not been all in vain. From henceforth he may comfort himself with the knowledge that the empire does not forget it, that the highest in the land delight to honor such devotion as was his.

"Yesterday, while bands played the National Anthem, and flags flashed out proudly to the breeze, Pte. Pinel, thanks to the publicity given his case by The Advertiser lay beneath the green trees of Victoria Park and watched with wistful but happy eyes the unveiling of the monument erected by London citizens to the memory of his dead comrades. "This is the most joyful day of my life," he told a life-long friend.

"In his hands was a bouquet of roses, the gift of the duchess, who early in the day sent the flowers to his home, together with a gracious message of goodwill. But the crowning glory of all came later, when, the last ceremony over, and the beautiful memorial uncovered to the admiring hundreds, his royal highness started on his tour of inspection down the lines of troops. And it was here that Canada's Governor-General proved him self indeed a nobleman—one of God's noblemen.

"Grasped Soldier's Hand.

"Seeing the sufferer's cot beneath the trees, he walked straight past the lines of bayonets, past the officers with hands raised in salute, and grasping the helpless soldier by the hand expressed to 'him his appreciation and sympathy. "I am very glad that you are able to be here today," said His Royal Highness, "but I am sorry that you were brought here in such a condition, You have indeed suffered in the cause of your country."

"A little later, before Pinel and the little mother, who stood by and has cared for him during all his years of helplessness, had recovered from the joyful surprise of the duke's visit, the duchess, followed by the Princess Patricia, advanced to the cot. "You have the satisfaction of knowing that your sufferings were endured in your country's cause," said the duchess. "There will be many bars on your medal." And then the royal mother and royal daughter shook the sick man's wasted hand, and wished him joy.

"Crowd Cheered Wildly.

"The effect of this truly princely action on the crowd was remarkable. Hats came off on every side, and a scattering outburst of cheering growing louder as those behind learned what was going on, rippled through the park. Many an eye was dim among the watchers and many were the friends who had known Archie Pinel in the days of his strength, who rejoiced with him in his hour of recognition.

"The visit of the royal party will be glorified in the eyes of hundreds who remember this splendid act, and it is safe to say that this one thing has secured for the Connaughts a place in the regard of London citizens which will long stand undiminished."

By 31 May 1812, the Pinel Fund was up to $390 with over another hundred dollars pledged but not yet submitted. Plans were also in the works to select a committee to administer the fund.

The Advertiser's edition of 31 May 1912 also announced that Anthony (Tony) "Kid" Zoccano was offering to come out of retirement in order to support the Pinel fundraising efforts. Boxer Zoccano offered to step into the ring for an exhibition fight with any volunteer in the 122 or 125 weight class. He was inspired to this act by the talk of an exhibition baseball game being proposed for London.

On 1 Jun 1912, the fund had increased by more than another $70, a contribution of $3.15 coming from the Grade V class at Lorne Avenue Public School in east London. The Permanent Force soldiers at Wolseley Barracks had also begun taking up a collection for the fund to be turned in the following week.

The Advertiser reported that a challenger had appeared for "Kid" Zoccano. English-born Y.M.C.A. boxing instructor Arthur Warner had stepped forward with his readiness to meet in the ring. His weight, however, was 145 pounds, but he was willing to come down to 135 and anticipated that Zoccano could gain 10 pounds to meet in the middle on weight. It does not appear that the fight ever took place, Zoccano's only other mention in the paper in 1912 was when an old opponent of his stopped over in London to train for a week in September before a bout in Toronto. (Zoccano did eventually return to boxing and had a single professional fight in 1917, losing to Battling Johnson at Hamilton, Ont., by knock-out (TKO) in the fourth round).

With the Pinel fund topping $475 received by 3 Jun 1912, the Advertiser included this note in reporting on the state of the subscriptions:

"Rev. J.J. Durkin, son of Mr. Michael Durkin, of Hill street, attached to the Convent of St. Vincent Ferrer, sent a letter containing $5. Father Durkin puts a note on his letter: "Pastimes come forward and help our old friend and catcher." Father Durkin was at one time captain and catcher for the Pastimes at the same time Archie Pinel caught for the team, He is anxious that the old team should be among the subscribers, and sends his contribution as a starter."

The paper also included comments on Pinel's pension:

"An inquiry has been made as to why Pte. Pinel did not receive his Pension as soon as the war was over, It might be explained that South Africa veterans do not receive pensions unless they are disabled. In the case of Mr. Pinel it was necessary to secure affidavits from his comrades as to the manner in which he was injured, and to secure these it was necessary to write to Australia. All of his old comrades when found gave exactly the same account of the incident as was given by Pte. Pinel."

The 7 Jun 1912 edition of the Advertiser informed it's readers that the Pinel Fund was at $584.96, a notable contribution from the employees of the City Gas Company adding $54.00. The paper also identified the three members of a newly formed committee to administer the fund. These were "Sergt-.Major Chenay, secretary in the militia headquarters …, Major A.V. Becher, himself a South Africa veteran, and Mr. J.M.H. Young, superintendent of the City Gas Company." To offer a sense of the fund's relative value at the time, the same edition of the paper listed a seven-room brick cottage (house) not far from Pinel's current home for $1450, available for $50 down and $10 monthly.

Sergt.-Major Joseph Stanton Chenay was a teacher from Windsor, Ont., who had enlisted in The RCR at London, Ont., on 7 April 1904 at the age of 24. In 1905, he transferred to the Corps of Military Staff Clerks, in which corps he would eventually by commissioned and achieve the rank of major. He was the writer of the letter that brought Archie Pinel to public attention in the days before the unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument.

On 7 Jun 1912, The London Advertiser included an article tying up one last piece of business for the monument committee. From the commitment to return contributions to any who did not agree with the direction taken by the monument design choices, the Lord Roberts' chapter of the I.O.D.E. had requested that their money be returned. The execution of this was complicated in that they had made both direct contributions ($270) and had participated in the "Trip Around the World" bazaar in 1908 during which their chapter had run one of the booths. The chapter felt they were also entitled to that portion of the funds raised by their booth at the bazaar (an additional $200).

The claim of the Lord Roberts' chapter was examined by His Honor Judge Macbeth who determined from the little available documentation that while the branch was entitled to the return of its direct contributions, they were not entitled to the return of that portion of the bazaar monies. The monument committee decided, however, to return the full amount of $470 to the chapter, and added interest on the total, calculated from the date the chapter had requested the return. A cheque for $500.21 was sent to the chapter by the committee, the details of which with its covering letter were shared with the readers of the Advertiser.

With the Pinel fund reaching $644 by 10 June, a notable contribution of $15.00 was received from the N.C.O.'s Headquarters Office, First Division. Contributions would continue to be received even though the subscription was considered closed with a total nearing $700 reported a few days later.

The 12 Jun 1912 issue of The London Advertiser carried the news that the citizens' monument committee had concluded its business. The committee, which had consisted of Judge Macbeth (chairman), Lieut.-Col. Gartshore, Messrs, J.H.A. Beattie, T.H, Smallman, and J.W. Little (secretary), had their books examined by the city auditor. Having spent $11,027.23 of the monies raised (including the refund to the Lord Roberts' chapter), they maintained a balance of $326.24 to be dealt with later.

Archie Pinel's brother James, as reported in the Advertiser on 4 Jul 1912, was in the city visiting from Cleveland. James held title to the house in which Archie and men's parents lives, and he confirmed that he would maintain a life lease on the property in support of his brother. This assurance confirmed to the Pinel fund committee that it was economically viable to make renovations to the property. A veranda was being considered to give Archie a room with more comfort, air, and light, and a view of the street. The article also noted that a planned benefit baseball game was enjoying good ticket sales, with an anticipated return of $125 once all was received.

On 22 Aug 1912, the Advertiser brought its readers up-to-date on the work of the fund committee thus far:

"A Cheerful Home for All His Days
"Committee Working Steadily For the Good of Private Archie Pinel.

"Those who subscribed to the fund for Private Archie Pinel will be glad to know that for some time the committee in charge of the fund has been active in the veteran's interest.

"The house In which Mr. Pinel resided has been given him by his brother for life, and a contract has been awarded for the construction of a sun-parlor and verandah, which will give Mr. Pinel a cheerful home for the rest of his days. The house has been fitted with gas and electric light for the present, and as soon as the sun-parlor and living-room are completed, they will be fitted up with modern conveniences.

"A dentist has been secured to give Mr. Pinel attention he has needed for some time, and the matter of dieting the patient and endeavoring to relieve him of pain as much as possible are being taken up.

"The soldier was never in better spirits, and is full of gratitude to those who helped him."

The Pinel fund committee wasted no time in applying themselves to execute the intended work. The London Advertiser printed a photo of the renovated house on Dorinda Street in its issue of 25 Nov 1912. Along with the photo were details of the completed work:

"The Renovated Home.

"The above is a cut of the recently-renovated home of Private Archie Pinel, of Dorinda street, who has been confined to bis bed for the last eight years, through an injury received during the South African war. Mr. Pinel's condition was unknown to the majority of the citizens until brought to their notice by The Advertiser in May. The result of the publication of his story was that sufficient funds were subscribed to completely change the surroundings of the bedridden veteran.

"Many Improvements.

"In July the committee in charge of the expenditure of the fund had the house wired for electric lighting and installed gas and a gas range. About a month ago the repairs to the house were completed at a cost of $500, and as a result Mr. Pinel is enabled to enjoy the fresh air and sunlight all the day, whereas before he had not been out of his bedroom for eight years.

"The house, which was previously a frame one, has been brick veneered and a verandah 20 by 10 feet erected on the front. One half of the verandah is constructed as a sun room, and here the invalid is able to enjoy the outside world, which had been denied him previously. A stone foundation was built under the house, and the roof of the house replaced by a new one, from a fund other than that donated by the public.

"A Hospital Equipment.

"Besides the alterations and repairs to the house the committee have purchased a complete hospital equipment for such a case, and the veteran is much more comfortable than when he had but the common appliances. A bedside table, hospital bed, air pads, back rests, and other articles which will give him more comfort, have been purchased.

"Perhaps the greatest comfort to Pinel is that the committee have obtained a lease on the house from his brother that will exist during his life-time, and in case he should wish to leave the house he will be given the rent for his own use.

"Lives in Hopes.

"As a result of the work of the committee he is in much better spirits and health, and expects to be able to leave his bed in a year or so. The committee expect to be able to secure a nurse soon, so that the invalid will be given the proper dieting and attention that such a case deserves."

Salome Pinel, Archie's mother, died on 30 Nov 1912 at 64 years of age after a month's illness. She had cared for her son since his paralysis after his return from South Africa, and had lived to see the public support and improvements to their residence that would help with his further care. She was buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, London, Ont.

As Pinel's story was fading from the news, the role of the Soldier's Monument within the city was being established. The Advertiser edition of 18 Feb 1913 carried on it's front page a brief announcement entitled "Women's Canadian Club Will Place Wreath On Soldiers' Monument." The notice read:

"The Women's Canadian Club will place a wreath on the Soldiers' Monument in Victoria Park on Feb. 27. This is in accordance with the wish expressed by Mayor Graham at the time of the unveiling of the moment last summer by the Duke of Connaught."

That the local military units would also observe commemorating "Paardeberg Day" was noted in the Advertiser on 26 Feb 1913. In a ceremony commencing at 10:30 a.m., Wreaths would be placed at the Soldiers' Monument by Capt. H.L. Milligan, Twenty-Sixth Regiment, and by Sergt.-Major Borland, R.C.R. who would place wreaths on behalf of The R.C.R. and the Garrison Sergeants' Association. Two other groups identified as preparing to lay wreaths were the [7th] Regiment Chapter, I.O.D.E., and the Women's Canadian Club. Mayor Graham would be in attendance to deliver a brief address.

The 27 Feb 1913 issue of The London Advertiser reported more fully on the ceremony after its conclusion:

"Six Wreaths On Monument To Honor Boys Who Died
"Mayor Makes Patriotic Address at Ceremony in Victoria Park.

"The anniversary of the Battle of Paardeburg (sic) was observed this morning when officers representing the military regiments, the city representatives, of the schools and women's organizations attended the decorating with six wreaths of the Soldiers' Monument in Victoria Park.

"Six large wreaths of various designs, and with the donating club's or regiment's colors attached, were placed around the base and sides of the statue.

"Sergt.-Major Borland placed the wreath of the London Garrison Sergeants' Association. The colors of the regiment, red and blue, were attached.

"Color-Sergt. Phillips, on behalf of the Royal Canadian Regiment, placed the regimental wreath. The colors were black, blue and yellow.

"Captain H. L. Milligan placed the Twenty-sixth Middlesex Regimental Wreath.

"Army Service Wreath.

"The Army Service Corps' wreath in blue and white, was placed by Miss Marion Coles, of the Captain Scott juvenile chapter, Daughters of the Empire, and daughter of Major W.G. Coles.

"Mrs. Becher represented the ladies of the Women's Canadian Club, in donating a splendid wreath of colored oak leaves, bearing a card paying tribute to South African heroes. Equally suitable was the wreath from the Seventh Regiment Chapter, Daughter of the Empire, presented by Mrs. W.A. McCrimmon.

"Mayor C.M.R. Graham delivered a brief patriotic address, stating the object of the ceremonies being performed. He commended the spirit of the donating regiments and clubs in honoring the soldiers who fought and fell in the South African war. He hoped that the ceremony would be enlarged upon next year.

"Among the ladies present were: Mrs. A.T. Edwards, Mrs. D. McLean, Mrs. Becher, Mrs. Bapty, Mrs. W.G. Coles, Mrs. Brown and Mrs. Galbraith.

"A number of little girls from Miss Harrison's school attended, as well as a number of the Collegiate Cadet Corps.

"Public Schools Represented.

"Two contingents from the Princess and Talbot street schools, each 50 strong from the seventh and eighth grades, and under the direction of Dr. Bryant and Mr. Galpin, marched in a body to the park and witnessed the decorations."

In the days leading up to 27 February in 1914, the Advertiser again included notices that the 7th Regiment chapter of the I.O.D.E. and the South African War veterans' association would lay wreaths again. The mayor would again be present and Colonel Hodgins, the District Officer Commanding, would deliver an address.

With two brief articles on 27 Feb 1914, The London Advertiser described the ceremonies at the Soldiers' Monument and paid tribute to "Archie" Pinel.

"Paardeberg Day is Fittingly Observed
"London's Military and Patriotic Organization Pay Their Tribute to Memory of Local Boys Who Lost Their Lives in South Africa.

"Reverent tribute to the memory of the London soldiers who fell in South Africa, fighting for Queen and country, was paid this morning, when military and patriotic organizations laid their wreaths on the soldiers' monument in Victoria Park. It was the fourteenth anniversary of the Battle of Paardeberg, and its local observance was an impressive one. More than 300 were in attendance, members of the women's and patriotic organizations mingling with the officers of the London garrison.

"Under command of Lieut. Logan, the khaki clad members of "K'' Company, Royal Canadian Regiment, formed a guard of honor. The Collegiate Cadets, under command of Cadet Captain Oswald Hicks, were also drawn up at attention.

"Mrs. F.P. Betts, president of the Women's Canadian Club, laid the first wreath on behalf of that organization with the few brief words, "In dear and tender memory of our brothers who died fighting so gloriously for Queen " and country in South Africa, I lay this wreath."

"Other wreaths were laid by Mrs. (Col.) A.A. Campbell on behalf of the Seventh Regimental Chapter, Daughters of the Empire: Miss Isabel Coles for the Army Service Corps; Sergt.-Major Borland, for the Royal Canadian Regiment; Captain William Spittal, for the Seventh Regiment; Capt. Milligan, for the Twenty-sixth Regiment, and Sergt.-Major Cheyene for the Garrison Sergeants' Association.

"Criticizes Lack of Patriotism.

"Mayor C.M.R. Graham, following Mrs. Betts, expressed regret that the city department of education had not sufficient military and national spirit to have the children of the city schools turn out on this occasion, which would have afforded them one of the grandest lessons possible in patriotism.

"As citizens of the empire." he said, "we cannot show too much respect to our boys who laid down their lives fighting for the empire."

"As mayor of the city he said he regretted the lack of interest shown by the city bodies. The old military spirit was dying out, he said.

"While Mayor Graham was speaking the Collegiate Cadets had not arrived. Besides Mayor Graham, Controllers Coles and Ashplant were present from the city council.

"Colonel Hodgins, D.O.C., said those present were there not to glory in the success of British arms but to glory in the thought that there had been enough patriotic Canadians to offer their lives in defence of the rights of England. It had been the honor and privilege of the Royal Canadian Regiment to compel old Cronje to surrender. Had it not been for the military training that the members of the regiment had received they could not have rendered the service that they did. He would like to impress upon the citizens of London the danger of the sentiment that they should not train for war.

"Must Be Prepared.

"We have to pay dearly in the future for the doctrine of the anti-militarist," said Col. Hodgins. "We must have an armed force ready and trained."

"He said he hoped before long to see a change in public sentiment on the question of military training. He was pleased to see the Collegiate Cadets present.

"With singing and cheers for the King the gathering dispersed."

The Advertiser also brought Archie Pinel back to the attention of its readers.

"Not Present, But Not Forgotten

"Today while memorial wreaths were being placed upon the Soldiers' Monument in Victoria Park, while tender spoken tributes were being paid to the sons and brothers and husbands. who laid down their lives for the flag on the field of Paardeberg, and while the bugles of the Royal Canadian Corps were sounding the "Last Post" in memory of fallen comrades — there was one figure, absent from the scene, it is true, but present in the thoughts of many of those who gathered for the ceremony.

"Brave, lonely Archie Pinel, who for more than eleven years has laid on a bed of pain through injuries received while fighting in his country's cause. It is fourteen years ago today since Pinel's horse, pierced by a bullet, threw his young rider to the ground on the day of Paardeberg, a shock that three years later caused paralysis, and for eleven years, Private Pinel has borne his living death.


"Imprisoned on his couch he lies, day after day, at his home on Dorinda street in London East. Some two years ago, through efforts of The Advertiser, and the generous donations of London citizens, a glass sun room was built for Private Pinel, and there the passerby may see him, as he lies on his lonely cot. Yet those who know him best say that never was there a more cheery personality, more hopeful in adversity, than Private Archie Pinel. His mind is intensely active, and he takes a keen interest in reading. 'The Advertiser has been his favorite daily through the long years of his confinement.

"One bright spot in the invalid's life occurred two years ago when through the efforts of kind friends he was taken to Victoria Park to witness the unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument by His Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught. Upon that occasion the Governor-General of Canada conversed with Private Pinel, expressing his sympathy for the latter's long suffering. The Duchess and Princess Patricia also shook hands with the soldier, and presented him with some flowers, the Duchess adding: "There will be many bars on your medal of honor."

"Silent Tributes.

"So today, while tributes were being paid to those who are resting sweetly "beneath the veldts of South Africa, there were also silent tributes paid to those who like Archie Pinel, suffer through long and wearisome years, in their country's cause. It was The Advertiser's privilege and pleasure today to send Private Pinel a floral tribute to mark the day, and as a small token of recognition of his services for "England, home and beauty."

By late 1914, Victoria Park and the Soldiers' Monument were the location of very different ceremonies. The evening edition of The London Advertiser on 25 Nov 1914 shows Major-General Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia, standing in front of the monument to address a military parade and the inevitable crowd of spectators. In town for an inspection tour of the training being conducted for the Canadian Expeditionary Force, Hughes was escorted to the park where the 18th Canadian Infantry Battalion, 1000-strong, was on parade. Also on parade was the local field battery of 115 men, and in attendance were 5000 school children, the Collegiate cadets, and another 5000 spectators.

After inspecting the troops on parade, Hughes laid a wreath at the Soldiers' Monument. The wreath was provided by the men's and women's Canadian Clubs of London and was presented to the Minister by Mrs. Henry Becher, whose son, Lieut.-Col. H.C. Becher, the pre-war commanding officer of the 7th Regiment, Fusiliers, was then overseas with the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion.

Paardeberg Day was again commemorated by wreath laying at the Soldiers' Monument on 27 Feb 1915. The military component in attendance consisted of 100-man guards from the two infantry battalions then training at London, the 18th and 33rd Battalions, and a detachment of the Canadian Mounted Rifles. Officers from the local headquarters were in attendance and a number of Paardeberg veterans at the ceremony were named in the Advertiser: "Colonel McCrimmon (headquarters staff), Maj. Dr. A.V. Becher (medical officer, 33rd Bn.), and Lieut. A.E. Burwelll (7th Fusiliers)." The latter two were at Paardeberg as privates in the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, The R.C.R."

The Soldiers' Monument and Victoria Park was the location of a military parade and visit by Maj.-Gen. Sam Hughes on 16 Jun 1915. After inspecting the 33rd and 34th Battalions, Hughes presented Colours to the latter unit.

With parade and ceremony formats that would not be unfamiliar to modern attendees at Remembrance Day ceremonies, Paardeberg Day continued to be commemorated at the Soldiers' Monument throughout the years of the First World War.

As the focus of commemorating Canada's fallen turned to Armistice Day after 1918 (later Remembrance Day) the Soldiers' Monument was not completely forgotten. Still London's only monument to soldiers until the Cenotaph was completed, it continued to be a centre point for commemorative activities. On 23 May 1921, as part of their Empire day observances, the students of Talbot street school paraded to Victoria Park to lay a wreath at the Soldiers' Monument. In June that year, the monument would also be the saluting base for a military parade as part of Dominion Day celebrations on 1 Jul 1921.

James F. Pinel, Archie's father, died on 30 Mar 1923 at the age of 76. Archie went to live with one of his sisters.

On Monday, 21 Apr 1924, The Free Press of London, Ont., carried a death notice for "Archie" Pinel.

"Archie" Pinel Dies At Home Of Sister
"Former Well-Known Baseball Player and South African War Veteran Succumbs.

"George Frederick ("Archie") Pinel, formerly of 433 Dorinda street, passed peacefully away on Sunday morning at the home of his sister, Mrs. W. Harrison, 299 Hill street, after a lingering illness of 21 years, due to injuries received while serving [with] the R.C.R. in the Boer War.

"Archie" Pinel as a young man was one of the best amateur baseball players in London. He was the catcher of the old Pastime Club, doing the receiving for Pitcher Murray Wilson. On that team were also such well-known players as "Bill Carrothers, now of Chicago; John Durkin, now Father of New York City; "Dave" Hosie. "Jimmy" Carroll, now of Detroit; "Jimmy" Begg, now of Nanaimo, B.C. and "Sammy" Lee. "Archie" was popular on and off the field and had a host of friends.

"He was for many years with the R.C.R., being sergeant in charge of the mess [sic, this appears to be a bit of confusion with Sergt. John Cockburn]. Since his return from the South African war he had been bedridden, but he never lost his cheerfulness.

"He is survived by one brother and seven sisters; James A. Pinel, Janesville, Ohio; Mrs. E. Parker. Pleasantville, N.J.; Mrs. W. Baker, and Mrs. F. Murphy, Detroit, Mich., Mrs. H. Whittaker, Mrs. A. Westow, Mrs. C. McKerlie and Mrs. W. Harrison, of this city."

Archie's gravestone reads:

"George Frederick Archie Pinel
Lance Corporal
Royal Canadian Regiment
Died April 20, 1924
Aged 52 years

"Life is too short for quarrel
Hearts are too precious to break
Shake hands let's be friends
For old time's sake."

There are South African War monuments across Canada. These memorials to the soldiers of Canada's first foreign war, in many ways, helped to shape the way Canadians observe remembrance practices today. In London, Ontario, the Soldiers' Monument still greets visitors to the city's principal park with the figure of a Canadian soldier, alert and ready.

The RCR formally returned to the Soldiers' Monument on 1 Jul 2000. Victoria Park was one site of a series of re-dedications of South African War memorials across the country in the centennial anniversary year of the Battle of Paardeberg. The report of The Home Station, London, and District Branch of The RCR Association, published in the regimental journal, Pro Patria 2000, described the event:

"The Paardeberg celebrations started with the 4RCR Paardeberg Ball held in London on 19th Feb and closely followed by the Regimental Gala Ball held on 26th Feb in Ottawa. Both functions were a resounding success and were attended by many members of our branch. On the 1st of July, as part of the Paardeberg Centennial Reunion the Home Station London and District Branch paraded with their colour party and a quarter guard provided by the 1st Battalion at Victoria Park for the rededication of the South African War Memorial. After the arrival of the dignitaries a memorial service was held in honour of the 68 Royals who gave their lives during the South African War. A large bronze RCR hat badge was unveiled on the Boer War Memorial in commemoration of the Regiment's participation in the South African War. In attendance at this historic event, were the Colonel of the Regiment, General Jack Vance, Her Worship, Mayor Diane Haskett, MPs, and MPPs from the London area, and approximately 200 fellow Royals and their families. The Colonel of the Regiment presented a framed print of "THE DAWN OF MAJUBA" to Mayor Diane Haskett in recognition of the Regiment's long military ties with the City of London."

Curiously, the Monument had also acquired a modern plaque claiming that it had been "Donated by [the] Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire (IODE)" during the July 2000 re-dedication. Perhaps the story of the tumultuous involvement of the IODE in the planning stages of the monument had been lost to their collective memory.

In the century since the First World War, the Soldiers' Monument in London's Victoria Park has lost its place of prominence for commemorating the service and sacrifice of Canadian soldiers overseas. That role has been taken by the Cenotaph, erected in 1934, which stands at the south-east corner of the Park. Similarly, Paardeberg is no longer recognized across the nation as it once was, recognition which had reflected the national composition of the battalion that won that Battle Honour for The Royal Canadian Regiment. The South Africa War veterans have died, their association groups have faded away. Today, annual commemoration of the victory at Paardeberg is still conducted by the serving and retired components of The RCR, a tradition which will not disappear as the Regiment celebrates its role in demonstrating to the British Empire, and to the world, Canada's readiness to assemble and field capable expeditionary units that would prove themselves on foreign battlefields.

Pro Patria

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